Personality us in our professional and social

Personality is the basis that make us who we are and when
expressed in a healthy way it aids us in our professional and social life.
Personality is a complex subject which is formed over the course of one’s life
and it is affected by their genetic make-up and the environment that one grows
up in. however, due to various reasons some people develop personality
disorders. They affect approximately 9.1% of U.S population. They are one of
the most difficult disorders to research, partly because of their rarity and
the fact that most people who suffer with it don’t seek professional help due
to stigma surrounding this topic.

     Personality
disorders (PD) are a class of mental disorders characterized by problematic
thinking patterns and problems with emotional regulation. They result in
awkwardness and social withdrawal. These patterns develop early, are
inflexible, and are associated with significant distress or disability.
Psychology identifies 10 types of personality disorders and divides them into 3
clusters. Cluster A is categorized by odd and eccentric behavior and includes 3
disorders. Firstly, PPD (paranoid personality disorder) people who suffer with
it assume that others are out to harm them, take advantage of them, or
humiliate them in some way. They often go out of their way to protect
themselves from people who mean no harm, they often push people away and are
generally quite hostile and distrusting. Second is SPD (schizoid personality
disorder) which is defined by pervasive pattern of social detachment and a
restricted range of emotional expression. Choosing solitary activities and
seeming cold and aloof is a normal trait for someone who has it. And the last
one is SPD (schizotypal personality disorder) people who suffer with it often
experience acute discomfort in social settings, they are usually distant,
reserved and don’t really have close relationships. Unlike SPD they experience
hallucinations and delusions. It is more frequent in those whose family members
have been diagnosed with schizophrenia.

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     Cluster B
includes 4 personality disorders that are categorized by dramatic, overly
emotional or unpredictable thinking or behavior. Most people suffering from
them have issues with impulse control and emotional intelligence. APDs
(anti-social personality disorder) main symptoms are disregard for the rights
of other people, hostility and/or aggression. Deceit and manipulation are also
central features. Most of these symptoms appear during early childhood.

HPD (histrionic personality
disorder) NPD (narcissistic personality disorder) both share similar characteristics
sense of self-worth stemming from a powerful sense of entitlement, excessive
emotionality and attention seeking. However, there are some differences like quickly
shifting from over-idealizing others to devaluing them which is a problem for
only people with HPD. BPD is the most wide spread and researched personality
disorder. The main symptoms include intense and unstable emotions and moods, impulsive
behaviors such as substance abuse, risky sexual liaisons, self-injury,
overspending, or binge eating

               Cluster C personality disorders
are characterized by anxious, fearful thinking or behavior. They often induce
high levels of stress and anxiety. DPDs (dependent personality disorder) core
feature is a strong need to be taken care of by other people which is
associated with fear of losing support of others. They may have great
difficulty standing up for themselves and they find it difficult to express
disagreement or make independent decisions. On the other hand there is APD (avoidant
personality disorder) people who suffer with it usually have pervasive pattern
of social reticence, feelings of inadequacy, and they don’t take criticism well.
People with this disorder are afraid that others will ridicule them or reject
them. And lastly there’s OCPD (obsessive compulsive personality disorder)
people with it are preoccupied with rules, regulations, and orderliness. They are
perfectionists they are great makers of lists and schedules, and are often
devoted to work to such an extent that they often neglect social relationships.

           For the majority of history of
personality disorders they were thought to be untreatable. However, with
technological advancements and improvements to diagnostic methodologies
psychologists were able to develop five highly effective treatments. They
derive from same psychological theories that were previously reviewed and add
pharmacological interventions to guarantee rehabilitation. The treatments are
transference-focused therapy (TFP), mentalization-based therapy (MBT),
cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) and
schema therapy. As a result we have much better understanding of these
disorders and ability to help those who suffer with it.

However, the sad reality is that more than 60% of people
with PDs don’t receive the treatment that they need. For some it’s because of
poor financial state and the environment that they are in. but it is mainly
because of the stigma surrounding mental health and especially personality
disorders. This is due to the lack of education that general public has about
this topic. It is estimated that people sympathize more with people who have
psychiatric disorders and often stigmatize personality disorders. Individuals
suffering from PDs are often feared and are thought to be misbehaving rather
than sick. Entertainment industry isn’t exactly helping this either, they often
portray these people as insane, unstable and as dangers to others which only forms
more misconceptions and creates prejudges against them. Spreading awareness is
crucial to this topic. Not using medical terms as insults to demine people
suffering with it and taking this issue seriously could be immensely helpful.

 

Taking everything into consideration we can now understand
what difficulties people who suffer with personality disorders and their family
and friends encounter. We can differentiate and identify different types of
personality disorders and ways to treat them accordingly. It is important to
educate ourselves and erase the stigma surrounding this issue. This will allow
for more research to be conducted and will shine a light on the most mysterious
and complicated phenomena’s in psychology.

  

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