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Picture Memory vs. Word Memory

Alexis M. Stonecipher

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Kyra L. Durrett

Rochester College










When people are trying to recall or remember, sometimes
pictures can be easier to remember than words are. Memory is learning that has persisted
over time it is information that has been stored and can be retrieved. Memory
works through a network of neurons that all share common information. When the
brain remembers something, signals will be sent throughout the network of
neurons. Sometimes it is difficult to remember certain things. Learning would
not be possible without the memory because we would not be able to store
information, making it impossible to learn anything even if it is something
totally simple.  If people did not have a memory their lives would be very
different. The purpose of our research study was to collect data and learn more
about how the memory works. We tested the memory of our patients to see if it
was easier for them to remember pictures or words.











the researchers in this study we found that we could both relate to the
hypothesis, in our past personal experiences we found it that it was easier for
us recall and remember pictures rather than words. However every person is
different and our brains can work differently at tomes to. We believe that it
is easier for the human brain to process, store, and retain information when it
is given in the form of a picture instead word form, we think that the brain
has to work harder to process, store, and retain worded information. If we had no
memories or memory storage then we would probably die. We would not remember
how to take care of or protect ourselves, our experiences make us who we are.

hypothesis is that picture information is easier to remember and recall than
words are. When you are a child and you start learning new information one of
the first was you begin to learn is by associating pictures with words, before
you can properly say or spell the words because you brain can not process that
information. For example when your parents would read a children’s book when
you were younger before you could read or write, you learned more because of
the pictures in thee book and not the words. The pictures in the book are what
helped you understand the story. That is one of the reasons that the hypothesis
really made us excited interested in the research project and the process.

theory is one of the theories we found during the research process. We found
that the Dual-Codi theory created by Allan Paivio in the 1960’s, related to our
hypothesis. His hypothesis was that “Verbal information is processed
differently from visual information ant that verbal information was superior to
visual information when sequential order was also required for the memory
task.” Paivio believed that human brain has several types of representation
especially when it comes to pictures verses words. During his research Paivio
learned that the participants in his study were better at remembering pictures
than they were at recalling words.  We
found that his procedure for his research was similar to the procedure we used
in several was.

believe that school teachers should make an effort to use more pictures while
teaching. Pictures can be used even if you are learning about something that is
complex and hard to understand. However as you get higher in your education it
seems like teachers use less pictures when the are teaching new concepts to
their students. Even when you pair pictures with words it is still easier to
remember than words alone.

had a total of twenty participants in our research study. Ten of he
participants were girls and the other ten were guys  All of the participants were between the age
of 18-21.We had two separate groups in our study groups, both groups had ten
participants. The first group in our study were shown fifteen pictures in black
and white, the were timed and had three minutes to look at the pictures. The pictures
we on a medium sized note card. After the participants were shown the fifteen
pictures we showed them and set of ten pictures and this time the participants
had less time to look at the pictures, that was our distraction tactic. The
second group in our research study were shown fifteen words for three minutes.
Just as the first group, the second group of participants were shown another
set of words and they only had two minutes to view the words. After the groups were
shown either pictures or words they were asked to write the what they remembered
on a blank sheet of paper.

The participant
that were shown the pictures were able to remember more than the participants
that were shown the words. Another thing that we noticed is the participants
that were shown the pictures were able to list the items that they viewed
significantly faster than the other, it seemed the participants that were shown
the word had to think about it more than those who were shown the pictures. Also
according to the data we collected the girls did a better job at remembering
than the guy participants. However the difference was very slight, also if we
had more participants that might have affected the results.

results of our research study confirmed our hypothesis. Picture are definitely easier
to remember and recall than word are. The data we collected did cause us to
have more questioned about memory. For example, do girls have a better memory
than guys?  What is the minimum amount of
time it takes to store information in your memory? Is your memory better while
you are young? Those are just some of the several questions that arose after we
did our research study.

There are several
things that we wish we had done differently. The first thing we would do
differently is start sooner. The second thing we wish we would have done
differently is used a larger amount of participants so we could collect more
data.  If we could recreate the research
study we would also want to have a wider age range to see if that would make a
difference in the results. People that were older may have did better
remembering the words than pictures. The third thing we would have done
differently is use colored pictures and colored words rather than black and
white. We believe that the participant would have done a better job remembering
it the pictures and words were in color. The fourth thing that we would do
differently is give the participants a little more time to view the words or