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Point: In addition, Holden’s realization of how society differs from his own perception leads to his rejection of humanity.Argument 3:Point: Consequently, Holden’s desire for human interaction is not possible due to his self-induced isolation, this leads to his depressionArgument 2:Point: Holden’s criticism and unrealistic expectations of society, leads him to the rejection of individuals and humanity, resulting in the questioning of his own choices.Argument 1:Holden’s realization of the futility in his purpose to protect innocence, leads to his sudden understanding of the autonomy of all, ultimately, resulting in his will to become a guide to ours, his existential true purpose. Topic Sentence:Point: Holden begins to understand his true nature and his feelings towards others. Proof: Reviewing his past life Holden admits that he “misses everybody he told about.Even old Stradlater and Ackley, for instance. He thinks he even misses that goddam Maurice” (Salinger 214). Argument 2Point: Holden’s realization that he cannot control free will, prompts him to become a guide to help others to find their own purpose. Proof: Mr. Antolini suggests that “someday, if Holden has something to offer,someone will learn from him”(Salinger 189).Proof: When Holden finishes telling his story he says, “that’s all I’m going to tell you about…. If you want to know the truth, I don’t know what I think about it… I told so many people about it” (Salinger 213-214). Argument 4Holden experiences a plethora of negativity in his youth that ultimately corrupts his innocence, his corruption further extends into his thoughts as he begins to assume the worst of every possible situation, leading him to attempt to protect what he values most dearly.Topic sentenceQuestion 1:How do you think traumatic events can change a person? Is it possible for it to be a positive thing?Point 2: Holden’s childhood is further traumatized through the repeated molestation he suffers, solidifying his pessimistic attitude and actions.Holden’s criticism and unrealistic expectations of society, leads him to the rejection of individuals and humanity, resulting in the questioning of his own choices.Proof: I felt like giving somebody a buzz… but I couldn’t think of anyone to call up. My brother D.B. was in Hollywood, my kid sister Pheobe goes to bed around nine o’clock….Then I thought of Sally Hayes…She’d written me some phony letter, inviting me over on Christmas Eve….Then I thought of Carl Luce, but I didn’t like him much. So I ended up calling nobody. (59)Proof: “the whole lobby was empty. It smelled like fifty million dead cigars…I wasn’t sleepy or anything, but it was feeling sort of lousy. Depressed and all. I almost wished I was dead” (90).Proof (2): “I was crying, and all. I don’t know why, but I was. I guess it was because I was feeling so damn depressed and lonesome” (153).Proof: “I’d start hitchhiking my way out west. What I’d do, I figured, I’d go down to the Holland Tunnel and bum a ride, and another one, and another one, and in a few days I’d be somewhere out west where it was very pretty and sunny and where nobody’d know me and I’d get a job” (198).Argument 1Point: Holden’s awareness of the worlds infinite corruption, instills in him feelings of fruitlessness.Proof: Upon trying to rub off the second F**k you, Holden thinks to himself, “It’s hopeless, anyway. If you had a million years to do it in, you couldn’t rub out half of the Fuck you signs in the world. It’s impossible” (Salinger 202). Argument 4:Point:Therefore, Holden’s isolation accompanied with his depression result in his confusion of his true purpose in life, and his questioning in the decisions that he makes.Proof: “I thought about it all and stuff. And the more I thought about it, the more depressed I got. I mean I started thinking maybe I should’ve gone back to his house. Maybe he was only patting my head just for the hell of it” (195).Argument 3Point 3: Holden develops the awareness of the free will, and individuality of others. Proof 3: As Holden watches the children and Phoebe reach for the gold ring he thinks to himself, “I was sort of afraid she’d fall off the goddam horse, but I didn’t say anything or do anything. The thing with kids is, if they want to grab for the gold ring, you have to let them”(Salinger 211). ExistentialismExistentialism is a philosophicaloutlook on the bases of humanexistence, that emphasizes ideas of individuality, freedoms, and the ability to mold fate. Notable ExistentialistsKierkegaard- Stressed that individuals must find their own paths in existence without reliance on greater powers.Nietzsche- Believed one with greater personal experience, is always superior to a detached onlooker, in the ability to choose the right choice, or guide an individual. Martin Heidegger- Theorized the authenticity of the unique individualism of all people, and the anxiety one feels in a constricting society. As well, differentiated between objective and subjective deathJean-Paul Sartre- Accentuated the notion that purpose in life is not predetermined but discovered through human experience.Some Existentialism Quotes, and Guesses as to What they MeanExistentialism Terms”The function of prayer is not to influence God, but rather to change the nature of the one who prays.”- Soren Kierkegaard”Existence precedes essence”- Jean-Paul Sartre”To live is to suffer, to survive is to find some meaning in the suffering.”- Friedrich NietzscheDoes Holden’s perception change at all throughout the novel? What do you think this reveals about his character and humanity in general?Do you think it’s too late for Holden to change his beliefs?Dasein- understanding of being in the worldUbermensch – Person capable of asserting their beliefs onto others. Literally translates to Over man, or superman.Opposite Of ExistentialismNihilism agrees with existentialism that there can be no universal truths or philosophies,However, it rejects personal meaning, and asserts life to be meaningless.Point 1: The death of his younger brother, Allie, causes Holden to experience a mental breakdown as he begins to project the anger he feels onto the world.”I broke all the goddamn windows with my fist, just for the hell of it. I even tried to break all the windows on the station wagon we had that summer, but my hand was already brokenand everything by that time, and I couldn’t do it. It was a very stupid thing to do… but you didn’t know Allie.” (Salinger 39)”When something perverty like that happens, I start to sweat like a bastard. That kind of stuff happened to me about twenty times sinceI was a kid.I can’t stand it.”(Salinger 193)”I asked her on the way, if Mr. Cudahy…had ever tried to get wise with her.” (Salinger 79)Have you ever questioned something you’ve believed? Why did you, and what was the result?Reeling from the negativity in his life, Holden experiences an existential crisis, and begins to question the importance of his life.”I kept thinking that I was getting pneumonia,with all these hunks of ice in my hair, and that I was going to die.I felt sorry as hell for my mother and father…. I knew she wouldn’t let Phoebe come to my funeral… that was the only good part. Then I thought about the whole bunch of them sticking me in a goddamn cemetery.”(Salinger 155).What do you believe to be your purpose in life? Or of life in general?Following his existential crisis, Holden begins a search for his true purpose in life believing that it is his duty to save others from experiencing the same trauma he had.”I keep picturing all these little kids playing some game in this big field of ryeand all. Thousands of little kids, and nobody’s around – nobody big, I mean – except me.And I’m standing on the edge of some crazy cliff. What I have to do,I have to catch everybody if they start to go over the cliff– I mean if they’re running and they don’t look where they’re going I have tocome out from somewhere and catch them. That’s all I’d do all day.I’d just be the catcher in the rye and all.” (Salinger 173)NihilismIn Conclusion…Throughout the novel Holden has his own perception of events that eventually shape his perspective on multiple issues. With this in mind, do you think it’s fair to say that what you believe very often becomes who you are?Question 1How would you have reacted, if suddenly what you felt was your destiny was lost?Is it possible to remain an individual when uniting in solidarity?With your now amazing understanding of Existentialism, what affect do you think it has on the interaction of people?Question 2Why do you think Holden retains feelings for the people in his past, that earlier he said he did not really like?=Question 3Why do you think Holden begins to understand the free-will of others?My final question…How do you think Holden will carry out the rest of his life? what will his goals be? incorporate his new purpose to guide others in your answers.ThesisIn J.D. Salinger’s Catcher In The Rye, Holden Caulfield’s obsession with death incurs an existential crisis which leads to his altered perception of society and his purpose in it, thereby, alienating himself from the rest of humanity; however, upon the failure of the quest he comes to a better understanding of his own, and the worlds individuality. Question 1:Why do you think Holden isolates himself from others and humanity?Question 2:Why does Phoniness matter to Holden?Question 3:Why do you think Holden begins to question his own choices?More presentations by Josip B.Why are aboriginal people perceived as s…Why are aboriginal people perceived as strain on the economyCould Aging Just Become a Thing of the P…Could Aging Just Become a Thing of the Past?Untitled PreziUntitled PreziPopular presentationsSee more popular or the latest prezis