Previous need for the smooth functioning ofPrevious need for the smooth functioning of

Inward looking trade policies were replaced by the EXIM policy in April, 1992.
Government of India Introduced the EXIM Policy to bring liberalization in
Imports and boost the Exports. This was bringing along a new era in India’s
foreign trade.

the Foreign trade policy (EXIM Policy):

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The Director General of
Foreign Trade (DGFT) establishes guidelines for Import and Export of Goods.

Foreign Trade development
and Regulation Act, 1992 regulates the policy.

Import Export procedures,
promotional measures, related policies are documented in EXIM Policy

The modifications in the
EXIM Policy are announced by the Union Minister of Commerce.

Government of India Notifies policy in
every 5 years since year 1992.

of the EXIM Policy:

Policy divided into two;

Import policy: regulation
and management of imports

Export policy: promotion
and regulation of exports


Policies post liberalization:

Policy 1992 -1997

To bring stability and
continuity, the Export Import Policy was made for the duration of 5 years. The
earlier policies were made for a period of 3 years and hence less stable

Any amendments are made
by Central Government in the interest of public.

Important step towards
economic growth in India.

Policy 1997 – 2002

New Export Import Policy
was need for the smooth functioning of the Indian export import trade.

Import has been further
liberalized. The duty was reduced from 15% to 10% on importing capital goods.

Practices promoting
Indian exports in international trade were introduced. Licensing requirements
were reduced; restrictions on quantity were reduced, free import and export of
goods (except goods in negative list).

provision of additional
SIL of 1 % for export of agro products

encourage foreign
investment in India by permitting 100% equity participation in EOUs

Encouraged Indian
industries to undertake research and development programmers and upgrade the
quality of their products.

encouraging domestic
sourcing of raw materials, in order to build up a strong domestic production


Policy 2002 – 2007

It took the foreign trade
dealings to a level where both Merchandise and services were imported and

Business firms providing
exporting services were given a status of service providers w.e.f. 1.4.1999.

To provide access to
essential inputs for production and hence attain sustainable economic

To combine the
technological and local strength enhancing efficiency in Indian agriculture,
service industry.

Creating healthy
competitions by creating opportunities.

Making internationally
acceptable standards of quality accessible.

the Main objective of EXIM Policy or Foreign Trade Policy is:

Maintain and promote foreign

Provide Resources which
have worldwide acceptable standards.

Attain economic
development through foreign trade


the Year 2004, then Industry and
commerce minister, Kamal Nath Changes the name of EXIM Policies to Foreign trade policies. Reason behind
was it was more appropriate to call it a foreign trade policy as the policy
needed to go beyond Exports and Imports. It was a step towards having an integrated
approach towards development of India’s Foreign Trade.

Annual revision is brought into the foreign trade policies as the trade
environment is dynamic and ever changing. The situations require quick
responses and hence, annual revisions (also known as Interim Policies) are brought

current foreign trade policy covers the time period starting from Year 2015 to
2020 focusing on digitalization and Make in India.