Ransomware scams have grown internationally since the start of 2012. According to Mcfree, in June 2011, Mcfree have collected more than double of the number of ransomware that quarter than it had in the previous year. Ransomware scams is a threat to everyone no matter how insignificant the person is. Victim of the threat may lose their personal data and money. Not only that, even if the victim pays the ransom, there is no guarantee that their computer will be ‘unlocked’ and personal data intact. The first documented ransomware case appeared in 2005 in the United States and was quickly spread around the world. Ransomware is a type of malware which either blocks or limits access to your database and demands a ransom to be paid to the scammer in order to ‘unlock’ your data and get it back. Scammers may pretend to be from the police and claim that u might have committed a crime and must pay a fine. Malware scammers may send emails that masquerade as something innocent and social media messages randomly with links claiming to be something current or something that the victim might be interested in like news, events or surveys. If the victim clicks the link, it may take the victim to a fake website that may look legitimate and may ask the victim to install some software in order to access the video format, which might lead them to get infected with malware. Another way of scamming is through website and pop-up ads that offer ‘free’ file downloads when searching for music, movies, and games that the victim might be interested. To avoid being a victim of ransomware scams, use prestigious antivirus software and firewall, back up the system regularly, enable the pop-up blocker and exercise caution. If you receive any emails claiming to be from a well-known company, call the company itself before opening the attachments or links to verify if its real. Not only that, if you receive ransomware note, disconnect from the internet or simply shut down the computer immediately and consult a professional so that personal data isn’t transmitted back to the criminals. If users become a victim of ransomware scams it is advised to never pay the ransom as it encourages the attackers and even if the victim does pay there is no guarantee that all files will be returned to them intact. Instead, the best thing to do is to restore all files from a backup.In conclusion, users should be wary of ransomware scams as it is hard to differentiate the legitimate websites or fake websites of the company. Be caution of files or links downloaded from an unknown source and practice the steps of backing up data regularly and checking of the system.