Residents of Ethiopia face a food shortage threat to over 15 million residents due to a drought. Climatic phenomena and consequences were the main causes for the food shortage. Households unable to cope with rain failure because of poverty and inadequate institutional response. More than 10% of the government’s revenue is spent on repaying its national debt. A major drain on Ethiopia’s economy was the ongoing civil war, which pitched rebel movements against the Soviet and Cuban backed Derg government. The requirement of food during the war is increasing when there is a problem of food shortage. The almost total failure of the crops was compounded by the war. The production of crops in Ethiopia is decreasing in a extremely speed.In Niger , 3.6 million children and adults face starvation caused by extreme shortage of food. Niger Food Crisis was caused by a combination of drought and pest infestation which resulted in poor harvests and dry pastures. Access to food staples became increasingly difficult and severe cases of child malnutrition were reported. Even with the occasional rainfall, it brings no relief, but only disease such as malaria. Every day, more than 1/3 of its population faces hunger, and families struggle to provide for their shrinking children.The extremely poor main season has been caused by a severe drought between Jan-April (Zimbabwe’s longest dry spell in 20 years and its fifth worst drought in a century) in most parts of the country, and the disruption to the commercial farming sector due to land acquisition activities. The failure rates of crops were increase to 60%. The wave of a severe food shortage has caused extreme health problems in children. 6 million people are in the situation of life or death starvation due to the worst consequences of climate change. Kenya’s prolonged drought of 3 years has caused crop failure and livestock losses. This cause the extreme malnutrition in children, and the need of immediate food aid to 3.8 million people. The United Nations has asked for 230 million dollars in order to salvage the situation, and neighboring regions to aid. Around 10 million Kenyans were then food insecure and the government would import 7 million bags of maize to mitigate the crisis.North Koreans are likely to face serious food shortages despite recent relief from an intense dry spell. The worst dry conditions, which ran from April to June, could threaten this year’s overall agricultural yield and exacerbate food shortages in the country. The UN Food Agriculture Organisation estimated North Korea’s early-season crop production was down 30 per cent to 310,000 tonnes from the same time period last year. Because of the drought that ravaged crops earlier leave the North unable to properly feed many of its people, including soldiers in the country’s million-strong army, the groups have warned. In North Korea, there were too many soldiers need to feed for the preparation for warThe United Nations’ Food and Agriculture Organisation has predicted that the world’s population will reach 9.1 billion by 2050 and the world needs to produce 70 per cent more food to feed all these extra people but resource limitations will constrain global food systems. The global food system is under chronic pressure to meet an ever-rising demand, and its vulnerability to acute disruptions is compounded by factors such as climate change, water stress, ongoing globalisation and heightening political instability. The increases currently projected for crop production from biotechnology, genetics, agronomics and horticulture will not be sufficient to meet food demand. Davies, who also is a Texas A AgriLife Regents Professor of Horticultural Sciences, said the ability to discover ways to keep pace with food demand have been curtailed by cutbacks in spending on research.