Rheumatoid arthritis is one type of arthritis that is inflammatory, it can also be categorized as a chronic disease and it’s not part of normal aging like most people thought. The most common symptoms of arthritis associated with the joints (knees, fingers, hands, and toes) with different levels of signs, include pain, stiffness, swelling, warmth, redness and decreased the range of motion (Mayo clinic). In general, the common symptoms are fatigue and muscle main. And these will make your life difficult. It may even be hard for your sleep, get dressed or even drinking water since you need to lift glasses. (Humira) More specifically, people usually feel pain in joints in a series of regular beats and it may get worse in mornings. Stiffness means that one can not freely or fully bend their joints and may hurt. Similar to pain, it will get worse in the mornings. Redness or swelling means the joints are inflamed after the occurrence of rheumatoid arthritis, the skin temperature will rise and will swell. Sometimes you may not be able to see the swell since it is under one’s skin.Although these are the most common symptoms, things still different from one to the other. For example, the degree of pain or redness may difference even if two people got infected with the same disease; the duration may vary too. These symptoms often happen gradually over several weeks but it can also happen immediately in a few days after one get infectious or is injured. Most of the times situation will get better over time or when treated with medicine, however, there are still some cases that one occasionally experience flares when your condition deteriorates and your symptoms become more severe. (NHS)There are also some unusual symptoms. Such as tiredness and a lack of energy; a high temperature (fever); sweating; a poor appetite and weight loss. (NHS) Rheumatoid arthritis can also affect other parts of one’s body like eyes and chest if the inflammation spread. CausesGenerally, there is fifteen type of symptoms caused by rheumatoid, with slightly different causes. Normally, if the patient got rheumatoid arthritis, the antibodies will be wrongly send to body joints by immune system and they will attack the tissue surrounding the joint. (NHS) More specifically, there are five main types of symptoms of various causes. Firstly, fatigue, it is found in all stages of arthritis which can be caused by inflammatory diseases, infections that lead to one’s poor sleep conditions, poor blood supply which may affect metabolism, anemia and the side effect of some medications. (Mayo Clinic) Secondly, joint pain, it is caused by disease actively acting on one’s joint or could be a disease from the patient’s history if it had damaged their cartilage, bones or ligaments and didn’t heal fully. This happens occasionally so it’s important to make sure your injury or damage is fully recovered. There are also many capsules surrounding the infected joint which has never ended and send pain signals to the human brain. This is how patients feel pain immediately or shortly after the occurrence of arthritis. (MedicineNet) Thirdly, joint tenderness, it is caused by infected joints lining tissue. They promote the nerves in capsule and when one’s joint is compressed by outer forces, the patient will sense pain. If the situation is severe enough, patients may find it hard to sleep.(MedicineNet) Fourthly, injury and disease can be the reason for joint stiffness. It can be a different kind of injuries, either from improper exercise or when people ages and did not pay attention to protect their joints well. Fifthly, limping is caused by various disease of nerves, muscles, and bones of lower extremities. This happens when rheumatoid affect joints on one’s hips, knees or ankles and usually happen on aged people. (MedicineNet) Besides these, there are three possible risk factors that have high probabilities to cause rheumatoid arthritis. It is inheritable, it is more common in women and smoking habits can also cause this. (NHS, Mayo Clinic)Treatments After one get rheumatoid arthritis, it is very important to get correct and safe treatment immediately. They can reduce the infections, prevent future joint injury, decrease your pain and help you live the normal life you once had. Everyone should take it seriously for there is a possibility to be disabled after you are diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis. There is no cure for rheumatoid arthritis but there are mainly four types of treatment, lifestyle changes, medication, supportive treatments, and surgery. (NHS) There are two kinds of medication, DMARDs which stands for disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs and biological treatments. DMARDs are one of the initial treatments, it can ease your pain and relieve its impacts on you by stopping the effects of the chemical when our immune system fight against diseases and block them from spreading. Methotrexate and leflunomide are two of this medicine. However, there are also side effects and cause some physical damages. Biological treatments are a new method, include etanercept, infliximab, adalimumab, certolizumab and so on. They are quite similar to DMARDs but stronger and more effective. They are given by injections and work the same way as mentioned above, stopping particular chemicals in the blood from activating your immune system to attack your joints. Although this is stronger, the side effects are not that severe and are bearable. Painkiller is sometimes advice when the pain is not bearable and other medical treatments aren’t that helpful to specific patients to relieve pain. This may help the patient with sleep and other normal activities but side effects are worse. Another drug used commonly is Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, this is better than painkiller for it not only reduce the pain but also the inflammation in the joints but it still can’t fully cure rheumatoid arthritis. (NHS) All these medications have both good and bad sides, so its the best to follow doctor’s prescriptions. There are three types of supportive treatments, physiotherapy which can build up your muscle strength and help with the flexibility with your joints, occupational therapy which can give you some muscle trainings and teach you how to protect your joints (it is very convenient since you can do it at work or home), and podiatry which help you with rheumatoid arthritis on your feet. Surgery is used when your joints are damaged and you need to use your feet or hand for daily life. There are different kinds of surgery for different causes. Such as arthroscopy and joint replacements.