Right or Left Brained Drawing?Behavioral ScienceExperimental Investigation___________________________________________Signature of Sponsoring Teacher___________________________________________Signature of School Science Fair Coordinator TeacherHudson Ward640 W. Scott St. Chicago, IL 60610Grade 8Table of ContentsAcknowledgments Page 3Purpose and Hypothesis Page 4Background Research Page 5Materials and Procedure Page 8Results Page 9 Conclusion, Reflection, Application Page 10Reference List Page 12AcknowledgmentsI would like to thank my parents, my teacher Ms. Machado, Ms. Shah, the students at Skinner North Classical Elementary, and the teachers and students at Marwen Art School that helped and participated in my project.Purpose and HypothesisThe purpose of my project was to find out which side of the brain is better at accurately copying down details from one side of a picture to another. This project will help people make symmetrical art, and have a better understanding of the different sides of the brain. My hypothesis was that the right brain would be better at copying down details from one side of a picture to another, because the right side of the brain is usually associated with creativity in people.Review of LiteratureTo begin, the research for this project explained three main points: symmetry, Left-Brain/Right-Brain theory, and how the theory relates to art. Each of these points of research help to explain different parts of the project, including how the subjects went about copying down the picture’s details, how their brains were working, and if there was a relationship at all.First of all, the research showed that there are many types of symmetry (reflectional being used in this project) that can be found all around us. So what is symmetry? “Symmetry can be seen everywhere in our surroundings. Symmetry occurs when there is exactly the shape of object around a certain line which is termed as axis of symmetry. In a symmetric pattern, a particular part of design is repeated again and again in order to get perfect symmetry.”-(mathcaptain.com) There are three main types of symmetry. Translational symmetry, in which an image is doubled, and then moved. There is rotational symmetry, where an image looks the same when rotated. Lastly, there is reflectional symmetry, which my project uses, where an image is reflected over a usually invisible “line of symmetry,” so that the other half of the image looks the same, but backwards, like with a mirror.The research also showed that there is a long, complicated history of right-brain left brain theory. It is well known that the right side of the brain controls the left side of the body, and vice-versa, but there is much more to the story. Since the mid-1800’s, there has been a theory that regions if the brain control different things. It all started when the scientists Broca and Wernicke noticed that injuries to different parts of the brain cause them to lose the ability to use certain things like language. “But it wasn’t until 1961 that a neurobiologist named Roger Wolcott Sperry set out to fill in the blanks, along with a graduate student he was working with at the time, Michael Gazzaniga. Sperry’s research of the next few years forever changed the way the neuroscience community thought about the human brain.”-(Green, H., 2015) They suggested that different sides of the brain may do different things. There theory became widely accepted, but also wildly exaggerated. While it is true that different tasks more centered in different sides of the brain, it is completely false people are dominantly left-brained or right-brained. This myth was debunked with Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging, (a.k.a. FMRI scans), which show which parts of the brain are working at any given time, by lighting up in certain areas. This actually showed that, while different tasks are associated with different parts of the brain, one side of the brain was not dominant compared to the other. Another example of this is with split-brain patients. These people voluntarily had the cord that connects the two sides of the brain cut to stop themselves from having seizures. This method, interestingly enough, seemed to work and did not seem to affect patients very much. However, it did cause some strange side effects. Eventually, they thought to use these patients to test left-brain/right-brain theory. The patients were told to focus on the center of a screen, while a word flashed by on one side of the screen too quickly for both sides of the brain to process it. While these patients could not name the word shown to them, they could draw it with their opposite hand. Showing that different sides of the brain were associated with different things was a major point in my project.Finally, the research showed that left-brain/right-brain theory has been popular in the art world for years, and is often used in depth to explain how each side of the brain has a different job, and how they work together to create masterpieces. This idea is used in the art book “Drawing on the Right Side of the Brain,”-(Edwards, B., 2012) which talks about how there has been a bias towards the left-brain for years, but each side has different jobs. An example of this is that “When you start a painting, you need to be able to visualize the final painting in your mind (the right brain working from the whole). You then develop the painting, choose the elements, match and mix colors, place the shadows and highlights, etc. (the right brain working on various things simultaneously). At the same time, you need to be able to look critically at what you have done and are doing (the left brain being analytical).”-(thoughtco.com, 2017). This shows that different parts of the brain are able to work together to do different jobs. The article also states that the theory of being left-brained or right-brained being debunked will further affect the art world, leading to new ideas.In conclusion, the three main points of research were the different types of symmetry that there are, what left-brain right-brain theory is, and how it is related to art. Each of these have a different part to play in the project. It’s accuracy, how it works, and it’s relevance to the art world.Materials and ProcedureMaterials:About 220 sheets of paper50 or more participantsWriting utensils 2 drawings, with a right and left side of each (4 images total)Procedure:Make two drawings. Use a printer to make a mirror image of each, making 4 images in total.Make copies of the 4 images for each participant. (About 55 copies of each image).The test subjects are given 10 minutes to complete all 4 images using reflectional symmetry, without tracing or folding.Variables:My control variables were the amount of time given to the test subjects, and the images they were given.The independent variable was the students themselves.The dependent variable was the side of the brain that was better at copying down details.ResultsMy hypothesis was proven wrong, because it turned out that more people were better with at copying down details with their left brain than with their right.The data I collected was the completed drawings from the subjects, who ranged from 6th to 8th grade. One thing that I observed was that 10 minutes was not enough time to complete all of the drawings for some of the test subjects. I organized each test subject’s group of drawings into three groups. The largest group which had 51 test subjects, being where the right side was better at copying down details (left brain), the next group, with 11 test subjects, was vice versa (left side/right brain), and the other two (undecided) had two scenarios. Scenario one was that both sides seemed to be about equal in copying the symmetry, and had only one test subject. Scenario two was that 5 of the test subjects didn’t have enough time to complete the images, and didn’t complete enough of the drawing to provide any solid evidence. I have this data shown in a bar graph, and a pie chart.Conclusion, Reflection, and ApplicationConclusionIn conclusion, I wanted to find out which side of the brain was better at copying down details from one side of a picture to another. I hypothesized that the right brain would be better at copying down details from one side of the picture to the other. I tested it by giving the test subjects 10 minutes to complete 2 pictures with a right and left side of each (4 images in all). I measured it by seeing which side for each picture the test subjects had done better. My hypothesis was proven incorrect, because the right side (left brain) was better at copying down details on the pictures. I learned that the left side of the brain is usually better at copying down details from one side of a picture to another, which helped me understand more about how the human brain works.Reflection My test was fair and my results were accurate, because each of the test subjects, who ranged from 6th to 8th grade, was given 10 minutes to complete the group of images. Next time I would add more time on because some of the subjects did not have enough time to finish all of the drawings. I now wonder if being right handed or left-handed played a part in the project.Application This experiment can be used in a real life situation because when trying to make a symmetrical image, someone will know which side to start on. My results are important to the field of science, by letting people know more about the sides of the brain. This will help scientists and psychologists understand more about how the brain works, leading to new insight. This experiment connects to our lives by helping us make symmetrical art.Reference ListEdwards, B. (2012). Drawing on the Right Side of the Brain(4th ed.). New York, NY: Penguin Group. This is a book that teaches artistry skills, and utilizes the right-brain left-brain theory.Springer, S. P., & Deutsch, G. (1989). Left Brain, Right Brain(3rd ed.). This book delves into and explains right-brain left-brain theory.Shubinkov, A. V., & Kopstik, V. A. (1974). Symmetry In Science and Art(D. Harker, Trans.). New York, NY: Plenium Press. This book mathematically explains symmetry.DuSautoy, M. (2008). Symmetry A Journey into the Patterns of Nature. New York, NY: HarperCollins. This book is about a man as he notices symmetry as well as other mathematical patterns in nature.Green, H. (2015, March 19). Are people really Left-Brained or Right-Brained? Retrieved November 11, 2017, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UYWBLX7aexI This video explains the history of right-brain left-brain theory in a very concise way.Waters, E. (2017, July 24). Retrieved November 11, 2017, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZMSbDwpIyF4 This is another video that explains the right-brain left-brain theory.M. (2014, May 5). 5 reasons why we love symmetry in art so much (and how you can use this research to create evermore awesome paintings). Retrieved October 28, 2017, from pencilings.com/symmetry-in-art/ This is an article on symmetry in art, and how i can be used to become a better artist. It also talks about right and left handed people, and right and left bias in art.Cherry, K., & Gans, S., M.D. (2017, July 27). Left Brain vs. Right Brain Dominance: The Surprising Truth. Retrieved October 28, 2017, from https://www.verywell.com/left-brain-vs-right-brain-2795005 This article explains the right-brain left-brain theory, and debunks a popular misconception.Types of Symmetry. (n.d.). Retrieved October 28, 2017, from http://www.mathcaptain.com/trigonometry/types-of-symmetry.html This article explains the three main types of symmetry: Reflectional, rotational, and translational.The Theory of Right Brain-Left Brain and Its Relevance to Art. (2016, September 8). Retrieved October 10, 2017, from https://www.thoughtco.com/right-brain-left-brain-theory-art-2579156 This article shows how the left and right sides of the brain are relevant to art and how they work together.Tatera, K. (2015, November 11). Left-Brained vs. Right-Brained? Myth Debunked. Retrieved October 28, 2017, from http://thescienceexplorer.com/brain-and-body/left-brained-vs-right-brained-myth-debunked This article disproves the myth that people have a right-brained or a left-brained personality.Do you really have two brains? (2017, September 19). Retrieved November 11, 2017, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SHqDf8wfABM This video explains right/left brain theory.Collins, A. (2014, July 22). How playing an instrument benefits your brain. Retrieved November 11, 2017, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R0JKCYZ8hng This shows how music affects many different areas of the brain at once.