Sadly, Hungary isn’t on a
decent shape these days, if we see the political movements or the public life.
I googled “Hungarian right-wing
extremist” and found not only links about our right-wing extremist political
parties or communities, but also a lot of articles about our government, and
how far they think we are from Europe.
For instance, The Atlantic
published an article about How Hungary Became a Haven for the Alt-Right,
and the author writing about our country as an “increasingly illiberal European
country”, which “offers shelter to a growing number of international
nationalists”, meaning: right-wing extremists (Schaeffer, 2017).
Then, here is The New York
Times’ How Far Is Europe Swinging to the Right? article, which
highlights that the past few years in the elections the right-wing and the far
right-wing parties were the most supported (Aisch, Pearce, & Rousseau,
2017). The problem isn’t with the right-wing parties, but that they are today
very far right. There isn’t a solid right-wing or center-right party in our country.
And last, there is the newest
article about our judgment, The Guardian’s opinion by Will Hutton: Beware
the illiberal alliance of Poland and Hungary, a grave threat to the EU (Hutton,
So, what’s the situation in
Hungary with the right-wing extremist voters? I think there are a lot of them,
and their numbers are growing.
There is a new party, called
Force and Determination (in Hungarian: Er? és Elszántság Mozgalom), fusion of
two former movement “Identitesz” and “Betyársereg”. They became a party in July
of 2017. 15
What do they want? They think, in Hungary there isn’t a
“good” right-wing party, they want to fill the space. The Guardian pointed out
they look like more radical than any organization in the country, they
“targeting a serious political role since the fall of communism, and uses
openly racist language to oppose liberalism and immigration” (Reuters, 2017).
They think, we
must close our borders, not let anybody in, especially Arabs and Africans and
we must be careful with the gypsies, because there are a lot of them. There are
a lot of Arabs and Africans too, and we must protect ourselves, because if they
acknowledge that they are more then us, they begin to fight, so we must beat
first – that’s what Balázs László said at the foundation of their movement in
last year’s July.
Tyirityán, another leader of the movement said that “world history is made and
lost on population, the fight for living space and the fight to hold on to
living space,” he said, and used the Nazi ideology of lebensraum. He continued:
“anyone who says different is either delusional or lying. Any way you look at
it, the strongest always wins. I have race awareness. I am proud to be a white
European … and I reserve the right to defend that” (Reuters, 2017).
around 300 people at their foundation, but in Hungary there are a lot more who
is thinking in right-wing extremist’s way.
Who are they
leaders? Balázs László is a political scientist university student, Zsolt
Tyirityán is the leader of “Betyársereg” – it is a vigilante movement; and
Mihály Zoltán Orosz, who is the mayor of Érpatak, a little village in Hungary,
and who is openly fascist and infamous of his mock-execution of Benjamin
Netanyahu, the former President of Israel (Gander, 2014).
They are opposing
liberation and immigration, they can’t stand other ethnicities and spread hate
right-wing media say about them?
is the 888.hu, which is close to the FIDESZ government, wrote nothing bad about
this movement, they said this situation is bad for Jobbik and Gábor Vona and
they were writing about this very precisely. Gábor Vona is the leader of
Jobbik, which was the main opposition party, but it has been moving away from
its far-right roots and is staking out a more centrist position. This has
created space for new hard-right initiatives. The 888.hu is 16
only writing about Gábor Vona’s and Mihály Zoltán Orosz’s
ex-friendship, and how interesting this thing is in this case (Oláh, 2017).
Then, there is
the “Pesti Srácok” (in English: Guys from Budapest) made an interview with the
leaders of Force and Determination, and asked them about if they were Nazis or
not. The article’s headline says it all: “Force does not mean violence, but
force has to be respected” (Dezse, 2017).
extreme right-wing online platform is kuruc.info. They say about themselves,
that they are “a patriotic Hungarian conservative, right-wing, nationalist,
fact-finding news site that is independent of political parties”. They wrote
that there is a chaos about this new extreme right-wing party, and they cited
announcements (Kuruc.info, 2017)
another media branch, in television, there is Echo TV, which is right wing
media. They made an interview with one of the leaders, too (EchoTV, 2017).
What about the
they were skeptical, feared and funny.
In August they wrote about a board meeting of Force and Determination, when
they posted about themselves an Instagram photo and 444.hu made fun of them
(Kulcsár, 2017). 444.hu is an independent and very liberal website.
a very long fact-finding article about this movement, about who are they, what
do they want and why are they became a party (Fábián, 2017).
about that Echo television’s interview with László Balázs. They highlighted,
how László was talking, how he couldn’t find the correct answers, words
sometimes (Molnár, 2017).
we can see, that the right-wing media gives appearance opportunities to the
right-wing extremist, they talk with them, want to find about their opinion; in
contrast the left-wing media makes often fun of them and of their ideas, and
sometimes they draw attention to the danger they mean. 17