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Schaylee NortonMrs. Jackie Burr, InstructorEnglish 1010, Section 501/11/2018Tilbury Speech Rhetorical AnalysisIn the midst of England’s fight to keep their independence from Spain, the Queen of England, Elizabeth I, in her speech, Speech to the Troops at Tilbury, empowers her troops to carry on in their fight against the Spanish Armada. Elizabeth’s purpose was to rally her troops and encourage them to continue fighting for England against the Spanish. In her speech she takes on a strong, and powerful, tone in order to assert herself to her troops, as well as raise the morale of the troops, employ those same troops to endure the impending brawl and obtain a victory over the enemyIn her speech, Elizabeth first begins by bringing forward the accusation that there are some people in England who are cautious of how Elizabeth has decided to have the country take up arms. She says that many fear what kinds of treacherous actions could take place. Following this she states that she doesn’t want her people to distrust her or her choices. This specific rhetorical tactic is called an antithesis, and is very common in many political or public relations texts. By saying there is much to fear because of the battle that she started in order to protect the country, then having a contrast by saying they shouldn’t distrust her decisions, she uses the words, trust and fear, which have opposite connotations to engage with her audience. This section of her speech could have been damaging to her purpose of getting the troops into trusting her judgment to send soldiers into battle.She mainly appealed to ethos and pathos. Elizabeth begins her speech, by appealing to her ethos. Throughout the speech, she uses her credibility as the leader of a country. However, instead of saying ‘I am your Queen, and you will listen to me’, she instead gives her audience an actual reason to follow her. She opens her speech with, “My loving people,…” this shows that she has power over them my stating they are hers. She also mentions that, “…I assure you, I do not desire to live to distrust my faithful and loving people.” Once again appealing to her own credibility by claiming her power over her subjects. Not only does she appeal to her integrity to her country by proudly claiming her position over the people, but she also gives off a tone of boldness when she proposes that, “…I have the heart and stomach of a king… I myself will take up arms, I myself will be your general…” By showing her credibility through her willingness to stand with her people, she convinces her audience that her reason for why the country should listen to her are that, she is a reliable leader, one that they will be willing to follow into battle and give their own lives up for.All the way through her speech she continuously used the troop’s ideas of patriotism (pathos). Using phrases like, “…should Spain dare to invade the borders of my realms: to which, rather than any dishonor should grow by me, I myself will take up arms;…” or, “…not doubting by your obedience to my general, by your concord in the camp, and by your valor in the field, we shall shortly have a famous victory over the enemies of my God, of my kingdom, and of my people.”, appealed to her people’s senses of pride and integrity. In the first phrase given, she focused on appealing to pathos by narrating an inference of what would happen should any one country choose to invade the home and land of her soldiers, giving the suggestion that the invaders would truly be sorry for their mistake. By using her troop’s patriotism as a way to appeal to them, she employs her assembly to want to rise up and protect what is rightfully theirs. The Queen also appeals to pathos when she flatters the soldiers. She goes on, after her threat to invaders, to tell the men that they are the pride of the country. That they are the reason why England is great, and that, “…by your the troop’s forwardness, that you have deserved rewards and crowns;…” This helped her cause because it built up the men’s egos.Past her credibility, logic, and passion for the topic, she moves on to using metaphor to further enhance her position. She says, “…in the midst and heat of the battle, to live and die amongst you all; to lay down for my God, and for my kingdom, and my people, my honor and my blood, even in the dust.” She isn’t meaning dust in the literal sense of the fine powder that’s made up of dirt and waste. She means even when there is nothing left, she will still fight for her people, and country. Throughout her speech she continuously uses contrasting ideas to keep the audience engaged in her words. Had she not been able to keep the troops interested in what she was saying, she would have had a harder time rallying them into doing what she wanted. One instance of her metaphorical phrases can be found in the middle of the dialogue, when she says that, “I know I have but the body of a weak and feeble woman; but I have the heart and stomach of a king, and of a king of England, too;…” The two words, stomach and heart, give off the implication that she is passionate enough and brave enough to fight with and for the country. This statement starts off by talking about her physical being, saying how because she is a woman she is not capable of having a strong physical body. She contrasts this statement by discussing how even though physically she is not as strong as a king she has the heart of one. Having the heart of a king is in her time meant that someone is as spirited about something as a king is for his power and his country.The rhetorical devices and appeals she used are not the only important parts of why her speech was successful in completing her intended purpose. The writer used a passionate toned diction through the use of loaded words. By using words like armed, treachery, and dare, she raised the morale of the English troops. Another part of her writing that was crucial to the overall success of her argument, is her syntax. In the text, Elizabeth had variation in her sentence length. She used a combination of simple, short sentences. There was also a strong presence of long and complex sentences. You can find many cumulative sentences all through her speech, when she was trying to reinforce her ideas. For example, you can find this when she states, “…I have places my chiefest strength and safeguard in the loyal hearts and good-will of my subjects; and therefore I am come amongst you, as you see, at this time, not for my recreation and disport, but being resolved,…” She supports her idea of how much trust she has in her soldiers by adding that because of this, she has come to them to fulfill her decision to take action. Varying the sentence lengths give a tone of voice that easy to read and listen to, which helps with the writer’s purpose by keeping the audience engaged.Elizabeth I’s speech given to her troops at Tilbury, succeeded in conveying her message and purpose of employing her troops into following her through careful phrasing and choices in how she decided to appeal to her audience. Her message throughout her speech was clear, to the point, persuasive, well thought out, and very well accredited. All of these items combined led to an effective assertion of her argument and herself to her troops, in order to appoint her troops to the duty of following her instruction and going to battle.