Sesame this MUFA’s this oil also containSesame this MUFA’s this oil also contain

Sesame (Sesamum indicum l.) included in family
of Pedaliaccae, is an oldest known
oil crop to human and has been part of human diet since classical times 1. It is at 9th position among the top 13
oilseed crops which make up 90% of the world’s edible oil production 2. Sesame
oil is the major dietary oil in Asian countries. Sesame seeds are mainly
cultivated for the purpose of oil extraction. Sesame oil is obtained by
extraction by hydraulic press or by solvent extraction method with hexane as a
solvent and refining of that extracted oil.  
 The implementation of sesame in
our diet it may helps in enhancing the taste of daily consumed dishes. Though
sesame seeds  not good source of starch
thease seeds have a pleasant flavour and its taste resembles the nuts, it can
spread over soups ,salads, and the 
baked  products can be
supplemented with whole sesame grains to get attractive  form that reform the final product texture.

As sesame
oil includes superior quantity of mono unsaturated fatty acids (MUFA’s) than
saturated fatty acids (SFA’s)  it can
improves the health of consumers. Besides this this MUFA’s this oil also
contain bioactive compounds like phytosterols and tocopherols. The typical
proportions of FA’s in sesame oil  are in
following way.3

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Linoleic

42.9-54%

Oleic

31.6-44%

Palmatic
Stearic 

7.0-9.7%
3.8-5.6%

 

 

The major
constituents of sesame seed are oil, protein, carbohydrates, lignans, and minor
constituents such as minerals. 4

Composition
of sesame seed (per 100 g)

Energy
( calories)

578

Moisture
(%)

4.7

Fat          (g)

51.9

Protein  (g)

19.8

Carbohydrates
(g)

18.4

Fiber
(g)

10.8

Ash
 (g)

5.2

Lignans  (g)

1.9

K  (mg)

400

Ca  (mg)

1200

Fe
(mg)

9.6

P
(mg)

9.6

Mg
(mg)

370

Na
(mg)

2

Vitamin
C (µg)

12

Vitamin
A (IU)

10

Carotene  (µg)

17

Thiamine
(mg)

0.95

Riboflavin
(mg)

0.25

Niacin
(mg)

5.1

Sesame
seed contain 20% and its defatted form contain 50% of protein.

Sesame
seeds contain phytochemicals which particularly have anti oxidant, antifungal,
hypolipidaemic  and  hypoglycaemic actions5. chlorosesamone,
hydraxysesamone, 2, 3-epoxysesamone, anthrasesamones and other two
anthraquinone derivatives  are the
compounds having antifungal activities which are extracted from roots of sesame
plant6. sesamin and sesamolin are the most prolific lignans which
are soluble in fat7. Sesamine and sesamoline consist of benzene and furanose
rings in their structure.

Tocopherol is a natural anti-oxidant and it is formed
by only the oil seeds like sesame and other oil seeds. The tocopherol content
in sesame is different from one location to another location and one variety to
another variety. Normally the sesame oil mostly includes ?-tocopherol in range
of 50 to 370 ppm and ?-tocopherol in range of 90 to 390 ppm this difference in
the content of thease tocopherol is due to their chemical nature 8. The
health benfits of thease tocopherols includes it act’s as  reactive oxygen species scavenger , acts as a
first line of defence against lipid peraxidation and  in cell membranes it protects the PUFA’s from
free radical attack 9,10

Sesamum
indicum is used as external salve, emollient, tonic and diuretic
11. Sesamin and Sesaminol are the two major elements of the sesame oil which
have evidence to possess defense action against several pharmacological effects
which includes thease acts as anti-carcinogenic, anti-oxidant, anti-hypertensive,
anti-inflammatory and also have cardio protective effects 12. Sesame oil is
used as nutritional supplement for the purpose of increasing the cell
resistance against lipid peraxidation by hindering the generation of reactive
oxygen free radicals 13.  Sesame oil
has capacity to increase the alpha tocopherol concentration in blood and tissue
it was seen in rat fed containing with sesame seed or its lignins14.Besides
this sesame oil showed that it have abundant free radical scavenging capacity
in methanolic fraction it is due to presence of phenolic compounds in it15.