Sex majority of times, it is women

Sex trafficking is defined as “…the illegal business
of recruiting, harboring, transporting, obtaining, or providing a person and
especially a minor for the purpose of sex” (Sex Trafficking Legal Definition). It
is especially known as being called “modern day slavery”. Sex trafficking
happens all over the world, and specifically targets young girls around, on average,
between 14 and 16, but can also impact women of any age. Sex trafficking can
also impact young boys and men too, but the majority of times, it is women that
are forced and coerced into being sex trafficked. Across the world today, there
is between 20 and 30 million people that are forced into trafficking. There is between
600,000 and 800,000 people that are being trafficked internationally, the
majority of which are females and children (11 Facts About Human Trafficking).

A lot of traffickers will target their victims through
social media. This is because of the large variety of people out there that are
on social media, and how instantaneously fast something can be posted for the
world to view. Other ways that traffickers target their victims is through
school, home neighborhoods, and things like clubs or bars (What is Sex
Trafficking?). In another article it states that because of the internet, “…traffickers
and customers can discreetly complete a transaction. Traffickers utilize social
media, dating sites and online advertisements to market minors and trafficked victims”
(Sex Trafficking | Human Trafficking for Sex). This means that it is very difficult
to figure out what is the real deal, and what could be sex trafficking. A lot
of times traffickers will use someone’s weaknesses against them. This means
that they will threaten and intimidate a person to try and coerce them into complying
with what they say. Other things that traffickers will do, is make a person
fearful of what could happen if they do not follow their demands. This could
also mean physically bringing violence into someone’s life so that they have no
other real option but to just listen to what a trafficker may say (What is Sex
Trafficking?).

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Often times, those that are being trafficked will lack
an education, or be lacking money, which in turn, makes them an easier target
for traffickers. This shows social stratification because of how the
traffickers will use these individual’s weaknesses to their advantage because
they feel their ranking in society is higher than their victims. This goes to
show that traffickers will use a more superior approach to these individuals to
enhance their chances of coercion. This makes it quite easy for traffickers to promise
people certain things like fantastic opportunities in big cities. These opportunities
for women, are things like jobs as being models or dancers, that will make them
feel like they are going to hit it big (Sex Trafficking | Human Trafficking for
Sex). The opportunities for men are things like construction and agricultural
work. This sounds very appealing to both men and women, when the traffickers
say that they will pay for their transportation to get to them. These
opportunities for both men and women are often false, and are just a way to
coerce these people fly out and meet them. When these people figure out what is
actually going on, a lot if traffickers will just tell them that they must stay
until they have repaid their debts (Sex Trafficking | Human Trafficking for Sex).

Furthermore, in the same article it states that, “Sex
trafficking has devastating consequences for the trafficked individual. Victims
may suffer from long-lasting physical and psychological trauma, disease
(HIV/AIDS), drug addiction, malnutrition and social ostracism” (Sex Trafficking
| Human Trafficking for Sex). This is an important thing to note because a lot of
times, if sex trafficking victims are found, is it often by the police, and
they are charged with the act of prostitution because of lack of investigation
into what might really be going on, which tends to happen in a lot of sex
trafficking incidents where the victims may have been caught. It is also important
to note this because it makes them marginalized from society because of what a
trafficker has done to them. The trafficker brutality ruins these peoples
lives, and things happen to them that are often irreversible.

One organization that is making efforts to combat sex
trafficking and slavery as a whole, is the “Anti-Slavery International”. They
are one of the oldest human rights organizations in the world. They were developed
in 1839, and since then have done lots of research and worked with many
communities. Because of this organization is one of the reasons that we have
anti-slavery laws today. One of the specific things that they do is, “International
policy work and campaigning – lobbying and holding to account international
institutions such as the United Nations, the European Union, the African Union
and the International Labor Organization, as well as businesses and other
organizations” (How We Work). Their goals are to end slavery in many strategic
ways. One of the ways, “Supporting the empowerment of people to be better
protected from slavery… working at grass roots level, to help communities
demand respect for their human rights and tackle the root causes of slavery
through access to education and the elimination of caste and gender inequality”
(How We Work). This is an important step because if we can have people demand
the respect for themselves that they should be, the world could tremendously and
dramatically make a change for the better. That means that it is important that
people seek the right tools needed to do so, like becoming educated about this
topic, and the idea surrounding it. Another key factor about this plan that
they have, is that ending gender inequality would help overall the most. Once all
humans can truly believe that everyone is equal no matter their race, gender,
sex, religion, will be the day that everyone will see eye-to-eye on these
topics, and other things surrounding this idea as well.

One of the activities that this organization has done
in an effort to address this issue is campaigning. One of the current campaigns
that they have right now that people can join is the “Protect Victims of Slavery
in the UK”. This is important because those that are living in the United Kingdom
do not have the proper rights and protection from slavery that they should by
the authorities there. The somewhat protection that they do have, does have
loopholes, and isn’t intended for anything long-term for the people residing in
the United Kingdom. The efforts of this campaign are to fight for the victims
to have a proper system put in place where these people would be protected (How
We Work).

 Because of this
organization, a woman by the name of Angel was able to break free from being a
child domestic worker. When Angel was very young, her mother died. After her
mother died, her father became very cruel towards her and has told her that if
she wasn’t going to get married, that she basically needed to get out. She
found a job as a domestic worker. Angel was forced to look after two children,
and to do all of their daily needs. She would wake up and work at 5:30 a.m. and
not go to sleep until after 11 p.m. Angel has said that, “‘I did not even get
time to rest and was exploited and isolated by my employer'” (How We Work). She
was not even allowed to eat any food until everyone else was done eating, and
she would only get their leftovers. Because of this project, Angel met a person
by the name of Kivulini in Tanzania, that educated her on her rights of being a
child domestic worker. Angel stated, “‘I escaped domestic work because of the
violence of my employer’s husband…'” (How We Work), and furthermore explaining
her gratitude for this organization stating, “‘Thanks
to this I was able to refuse to have sex with my employer'” (How We Work).
Because of the help from the Anti-Slavery International organization, Angel created
her own organization called “Wote Sawa” which translates to, in English, “All
Are Equal” (How We Work).

Another impact that they have had on someone’s life is
on a woman by the name of Moulkheir. Moulkheir was enslaved by a family that
made her look after their goats during the day, and then come back to do the
housework in the evening. Moulkheir’s mother, and Moulkheir’s children were
also enslaved by this family as well. Moulkheir stated that, “‘Two of my girls
are the daughters of the master’s eldest son. He said he would behead me if I
ever told anyone they were his'” (How We Work). Moulkheir also told this
organization that, “‘When I had my fourth child, a baby girl, the family
wouldn’t let me take her out to the fields with me. I came home one day and
found that the baby had been left out in the sun all day. She had died, and her
body was being eaten by ants'” (How We Work). She explained that when she had
to bury her own daughter, with her own hands, it didn’t feel like it was her
daughter, that it just felt like she was burying an animal. Moulkheir goes on
to say that one day she and her children were switched to work for a different
family. The man that she was working for wanted to marry her, but Moulkheir was
already pregnant, so he settled on marrying her oldest daughter. She told this
organization that it wasn’t because he loved her that he wanted to marry her,
but it was just a way to take advantage of her and rape her. Moulkheir
explained that this man “‘…used to make me watch him rape her oldest daughter
at gunpoint. He raped me too, in front of my two daughters, threatening us all
with his gun'” (How We Work). When Moulkheir’s daughter became pregnant, the
man made an effort for her to miscarry because he had already had a wife and
did not want her to find out, and a few days later, Moulkheir’s daughter did
give birth, but the baby was stillborn. Moulkheir was taken out of working for
this family, but the man kept Moulkheir’s daughter. Moulkheir told her brother
what had happened and what was still currently happening, and he, “…went to
Boubacar (the President of Anti-Slavery partner in Mauritania SOS-Esclaves) and
told him my story'” (How We Work). Because of the help from him, Moulkheir was
on a mission to get her daughters back, but they had already escaped. She is
now pressing charges against this man, and she wouldn’t have done it without the
help of this organization. 

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