Sex required at schools, students attend to.Sex required at schools, students attend to.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sex Equality and Issues Women Face in Sports

ShyKaela Johnson

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SSPE 479

Professor Collins

6 November 2017

Chowan University

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Abstract

Throughout the years of time there has been
many changes in the world involving women. Many people believed and still
believe that women belong in certain places such being at home being a
caretaker, a wife, a mother, or an object of sex. This paper will talk about
the benefits of Title IX and what it did for women and why it is important for
women to participate in sports. It will also discuss whether there is Equality
or Inequality in sports of women and men. It has been 45 years since Title IX
was passed and there are still issues and controversies in the present day and
still men sports get more media coverage than female sports.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

            Title IX was a law that was passed
45 years ago stating that no one should be excluded from any activity or
educational program that are federally funded based on their sex. Title IX applies to facilitates such as colleges, elementary
schools, secondary schools, or any other schools. For athletics programs women
and men are to have equal opportunities to participate within their sports same
as scholarships or any other benefits that are required at schools, students
attend to.

Title IX was not always around unfortunately
leaving no opportunities for women for any type of scholarships for any
programs for them. There were not enough funds to be able to supply for the
women. Research states that “In 1972, women earned just
7 percent of all degrees. By 1997, that number had risen to 44 percent. As
Title IX allowed more women to afford to attend university through academic and
athletic scholarships, 41 percent of women earned medical degrees, whereas
before in 1972, women only earned 9 percent of all medical degrees.” (athnet
pp.3) These statistics inform people that from 1972 up to now there are
plenty of opportunities for women in jobs, sports, schools, and other programs
however women still are scrutinize and still is someone that takes care of home
finances.

Women fought for their rights to be on teams
and organizations and clubs and to not be excluded from any of those activities
everyone else can be in. However, there are many issues for women as they play
the same sports as male athletes do. Some of those issues include, different
pay, media/ representation, and body image.

One of the major differences between women and
men sports is the pay. Research (Yenor. 2016) states that men are paid more for
the NBA than women in the WNBA, that they do not receive the same pay for the
work that they do that is the same pay as the men do. In this article by Yenor,
he states “Equal pay would require a substantial pay
cut for the NBA players.” (paragraphs 3) From another article, Lahnee Pavlovich
states “According to the Women’s Sports Foundation, male athletes get $179 more
in athletic scholarships each year than females do.” Being as though women
have the same rights as male athletes, they do the same job as other athletes.
They have different rules to play the game but ultimately it is the same. Male
athletes still have more opportunities than females all throughout their
career, while female athletes have a hard time finding access to a lot of their
materials such as uniforms, scholarships, facilities for them to practice in
and plenty more.

The media does not cover female sports like
they do male sports. Women are not given the attention and recognition that
they deserve that makes a good athlete. Research states “There
is scientific evidence indicating that men are biologically programmed to be
stronger and faster, coverage of their sports is considered to be more
entertaining, filled with greater excitement and action. Women are pushed to
the rear of the limelight, hardly spotlighted at all.” (Hanson pp. 10) Another
article states “The Women’s Sport and Fitness Foundation (WSFF) estimates that
in 2013, women’s sports received 7% of coverage and 0.4% of the total value of
commercial sponsorships” (K.S.C 2014 pp. 3) Why is women sports less popular
than men sports? Sponsors only want to sponsor teams
that have the best athletes that are on the best teams. Fans want to watch
something that has excitement and wants something that has plenty of
professionals that will get the job done. Dr. Cheryl Cooky states
“Mainstream sports media outlets are essentially ‘mediated man-caves.” “It’s a
space where men can go and know it’s’ going to be by, for and about men.”
(Ottaway, 2016, pp 5) In sports fans want to see something that is interesting
to them and more entertaining and with great athletes and that is something
that women sports do not have.

The next issue that will be discussed is the
body image. Men are meant to be stronger and faster than women. Women athletes
are still looked upon as a traditional role of femininity that is considered
wives, mothers, house wives and sex objects. In Valerie Hanson’s article she
mentions that women’s bodies are portrayed as weak machines and are not strong
like men or as muscular. Hanson states “Women are seen as pleasurable objects
outside the realm of sports.” (Hanson pp 3) When people see women in a sexual
light outside of sports people no longer see women as human beings or athletes
they see them as a pleasurable sex object.