The influences of Outdoor Activities is that it brings people of different ages together in the outdoors, learning valuable skills and techniques, building trust and relationships with fellow participators. The influences can be seen by Robert Barden-Powell, Kurt Hahn, and the Duke of Edinburgh.
Lieutenant general Robert Baden-Powell born on 22nd February 1857 died on January 8th 1941, was part of the British Army till 1900 where he then became, the founder of the Boy Scouts in 1910. Where he had learned in his military textbook that they were used for woodcraft training for young boys, he later created scouts for the boys, as well as retiring from the army for dedication of his group in 1990.
Baden-Powell’s Boy Scouts was created in the year 1910, where boys as well as young men, were trained to foster moral strength, raise and promote citizenship for boys to grow into mentally and physically fit men. Later in the year, Baden-Powell founded the Girls Guide or Girl Scouts movement, around 60,000 boys and 10,000 girls were scouts during 1910 now being over 113,058 boy scouts and 144,000 girl guides. Boys and Girls Scouts are found in mourns countries such as the United States, Australia, and Belgium. The first scouting organization that took place aboard was the United States in 1916, where Baden-Powell formed a new scouting group called the Wolf Cubs in the UK, the American scout’s used Baden-Powell’s new scouting group (the Wolf Cubs) for themselves, which are known as Cubs. By the year 2002, Robert Baden- Powell’s scout’s movement changed its scouts logo to an Explorer as well as their uniform, there was an opening later in the year the new Scouting Museum in Irving, Texas. Overall, Robert Baden- Powell’s boy scouts and girl guides was a success throughout the years since the founding year of 1910 to present day is because, it got young boys and girls to participate in activities that allowed them to learn valuable skills in either outdoor, work or in general.
Kurt Hahn & Outward Bound
Kurt Hahn was born on June 5th, 1886 and past on December 14th 1974, he was the founder of the Outward Bound in the year 1941. The Outward Bound is an educational trust charity that involves the outdoors, where the youth can develop valuable skills for work, education and life.
Kurt Hahn’s Outward-Bound trust organization was established in 1941 were 200, 000 participated were numerous countries and participators from those countries, participated in different activities such as developing new skills, challenges approximately 1.2 million participators and over 40 countries took part in 2017. By the time it reached 1950, Kurt Hahn’s Outward-Bound schools were placed in more areas within the United Kingdom such as the Lake District and in Germany such as Schlosswissenhaus by the coast of the Baltic, these were happening up to the year 1959. The first Outward Bound for young ladies was in October 1951, this took place in Eskdale, England. From 1980 to 1990 there was a decrease in participation and organization that wanted to sponsor the Outward-Bound schools, not only that there was also unemployment in the UK because big trading companies in the areas of the schools lost land and industries. However, in the following years 1995 Kurt Hahn’s Outward Bound was linked and connected to the Duke of Edinburgh Award which got a lot of the participators back since companies lost their employees which meant that schools in the areas would get their sponsored organizations back. Since the establishment in 1941, of around 1.2 million people have been taking part, participating on Outward Bound Causes in the United Kingdom and other countries such as Germany.
Duke of Edinburgh Award Scheme
The Duke of Edinburgh Award Scheme was founded on September 1st, 1956 by Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburg, the award scheme is a youth programme were levels of three being Bronze, Silver and Gold.
The difference between the three awards are that they have different minimum periods of completion, the starting age and that they might be challenging for some DofE participators. The Bronze awards participation time is six months, the Silver Awards participation times are up to around 12 months which is one year, and the Gold Awards participation time is up to four years. In the following year of 1957, over 7,000 young boys participated in the DofE (the Duke of Edinburgh) award programs, achieving of around 1,000 DofE awards, in 1958 girls could participate and have a DofE award. The DofE’s son, Prince Edward, got his DofE Gold award in the year 1986, he later created communities’ special projects to fund other projects happening. In 1988 the awards scheme went international getting more young people to participate in achieving the awards. Up to present day the Duke of Edinburgh Award scheme has had over 120,000 young people participate and achieved the three-level awards either bronze, silver or gold.