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 The rise of China has become a widely debated and controversial topic has had many different opinions towards it. China’s rapid economic growth has convinced the West that it is just a matter of time until China becomes a world superpower. And due to this paWON’T BE PEACEFUL:Liberalists believe that Neoliberalist John Mearsheimer, an American political scientist of the University of Chicago, has claimed that China cannot rise peacefully, and has predicted that “The United States and China are likely to engage in an intense security competition with considerable potential for war.”  through his letter that he reached out. Through his article, that was published on September 17, 2004, he made it very clear that he believes that China’s` rise will not be peaceful. His article is one of major pieces of information about this topic since he tries to predict the consequences of the rise of china through his opinions and theories. He believes that after its rise, china will try to dominate the other countries to gain more power and gain the asia pacific region and claiming its authority towards it. That if China rises in terms of power, it will try to maintain its supremacy as well as expand its power by trying to claim hegemony on the countries around it and will  since his theory of international politics says that “The mightiest states attempt to establish hegemony in their region of the world, while making sure that no rival great power dominates another region.” (John Mearsheimer, 2004) According to the theory that he quotes in his article, “Survival is a state’s most important goal, because a state cannot pursue any other goals if it does not survive.” So, by analyzing this theory he believes that if any country is rising with great power, it will not stop there, since a state’s most important goal is survival, it needs to survive through various competitors who are competing for the same kind of power so they are likely to act that way. So that when the question comes to the security of the states, they have enough power to fight off the potential rivals: the more power a state has, the more secure it is. And since hegemony is the greatest power in the modern world, the powerful states will crave that control. Mearsheimer makes a connection between what America did in the past to be the most powerful state in the world and China’s rise to show the possible things China might do after it grows more powerful. Like Other realists also claim that China’s rise won’t be peaceful because when and if China’s power rises, the power will threaten the security of countries, starting with Taiwan. And for claiming Taiwan, China will need to enforce hegemony hence proving the theory of international politics right. Many, including Mearshiemer, even claim that the rise of China means the fall of the US since they both can collide in terms of power. Although some point out the likelihood of them co-existing in harmony and prosper together, its rare if we look back at the history, we can observe the extent to which the US has worked to gain its position as the most powerful throughout the 19th century and that if China goes on to have the same amount of power as the US, we can see the possibilities of war. The liberalists counter the argument provided by Mearsheimer saying that he over exaggerates hegemony as an evil proceeding as some may argue that he interlinked the terms: hegemony and hegemon. If a state is a hegemon, it gets the most security, and according to the offensive realism, postulated by Mearsheimer himself, “The states have survival as their primary goal.” Mearsheimer argues that “There is no way to accurately predict China’s current or future intentions.” (Mearsheimer 2010, 382-383) He argues that, “it is difficult to distinguish between China’s defensive and offensive military capabilities” (Mearsheimer 2010, 383-384), and that, “China’s past peaceful behavior is an unreliable indicator of future behavior.” (Mearsheimer 2010, 384-385) “These same points apply to the United States” (Mearsheimer 2010, 385-387). And although Mearsheimer’s theory may predict the consequences of the rise of china, it fails to explain it logically due to the existing facts that show Mearsheimer contradicting himself through the arguments.Although there is a fair amount of people who support these claims, optimists point out that China has been a good neighbor since the 1990’s. It has settled border disputes among countries and has been recognized for using soft power. Historically as well, China has had a reputation for being a rather less aggressive empire. Many also believe the main principle of the official policy while china was under the leadership of Hu Jintao, “China’s peaceful rise” which states that the rise of China in military and economic sector will not be a threat to peace and stability, and that other nations will benefit from China’s rising power and influence.”The report that was issued by the State Council of the People’s Republic of China in 2005, defines China’s peaceful developmental strategy as peaceful, multilateral and beneficial for all the other countries. Some may even argue that Mearsheimer’s arguments are invalid sinceThere are remarks about how China can internally and externally harmonize their society and promote a peaceful international environment. It seeks to characterize China as a responsible world leader, emphasizes soft power, and vows that China is committed to its own internal issues and improving the welfare of its own people before interfering with world affairs. The term suggests that China seeks to avoid unnecessary international confrontation.The term proved controversial because the word ‘rise’ could fuel perceptions that China is a threat to the established order, so since 2004 the term China’s peaceful development has been used by the Chinese leadership.In conclusion, from a neutral point of view, there is indeed no particular way to accurately predict what the future holds for china’s rise. But, through a