The commands of a government or occupyingThe commands of a government or occupying

The topic is whether a civil disobedience in a democracy is morally justified or not. Civil disobedience has been a long period issue which continues today to resolve a confrontation between individual rights and a political authority. The significance of this report is that the freedom and the protection of every citizen be affected by the civil disobedience in a democracy. Thus, people have various perspectives on this topic whether it is morally justified or not. Civil disobedience is defined by Britannica dictionary such as “refusal to obey the demands or commands of a government or occupying power, without resorting to violence or active measures of opposition”. Non-violent actions are the range of civil disobedience to clarify the definition. A democracy is defined as “the belief in freedom and equality between people, or a system of government based on this belief, in which power is either held by elected representatives or directly by the people themselves” by Cambridge dictionary. “Civil disobedience” was first used in a book “Civil Disobedience” by Henry David Thoreau (1817~1862). Thoreau was once imprisoned by the government but continued refusing them. The term “civil disobedience” was further used by Mahatma Gandhi (1869~1948) and Martin Luther King Jr. (1929~1968). Gandhi started the campaign in 1906 to defend the civil rights of the disenfranchised Indian immigrants before he read Thoreau’s book. King Jr. who was also imprisoned (Birmingham jail) started civil rights movements for an unjust segregation law in the United States after he was impressed by Gandhi. Since then, civil disobedience created a social change with different topics such as “trades and business activity”, “tax resistance”, “labor resistance”, “anti-nuclear weapons movement”, etc. Some civil disobedience is continuing today with an opposition from the government.From an affirmative side, civil disobedience creates a chance for human rights to be heard, reformed, and protected in a democracy. For example, “anti-war movements” and “labor laws and unions” altered the society in the United States. In 1849, Thoreau resisted participating in the war between the United States and Mexico which was the start of the anti-war movement. The U.S nations protested its participation in Nicaragua and Central America. These actions refused to be in the military, pay for the military, and to be recruited in the military. “Labor laws and unions” protected human rights by strikes like 10-months strikes or sit-down strikes. People fought for abolishing child labor and to improve working environments/hours. Civil disobedience leads the government in a direct but nonviolent way which makes a democracy. Everybody has equal human rights and therefore, anyone has a right to stand out for injustice. Also, it is an effective way for the voice to be heard in a public where the authorities lie in powerful groups of people who control the country. Thus, civil disobedience should be morally justified.  To negate the topic, democracy is already a system where a majority of people’s opinion is reflected. The government is based on the citizen’s belief and citizens are the one who chose the form of democracy. After that, the government should be the one who takes the ability to make the decision and to protect citizens. Some authorities are significant for the country to achieve its goals within the democracy, but if those authorities are disturbed by citizens democratic government will not be able to do so. Another point is that civil disobedience has a possibility to be coercive. One example is the “anti-war movements” of the U.S involvement in the Vietnam war. The movement was supposed to be peaceful and non-violent, however, some events were deliberately coercive and violent. These violent actions taken by citizens makes a gap between the government and the citizens. Thus, civil disobedience makes difficult for the country to be united and the government to accomplish their policies. So, civil disobedience which can lead to a violent action must not be morally justified.