THE HISTORY OF HITLER
has it that Adolf Hitler is the most hated man in the history of the world.
Historian scholars have confirmed these claims. Hitler was responsible for the
Second World War and the deaths of over sixty million people. So influential
was he that he poisoned the German people with weird and extremist ideas of a
new race. In fact, if Hitler had not been born, the history of the world would
be very different from how it is today. He is a
significant man in history, especially in warfare, politics, and imperialism. No single man is more
important in this historical field than Adolf Hitler. This paper is a brief
synopsis of the history of Hitler and the
role he played in shaping the history of the world. The paper addresses this issue in detail to answer the questions of how
this man shaped history. What would be taught differently in history
classes if Hitler did not exist at all? To answer these questions, the essay
begins by providing a brief synopsis of the life of Adolf Hitler and his role
during his time. Because his main role
in history was associated with the Second World War, the paper discusses some details of the Second World War.
The paper goes on to discuss the things that would have been
different if Hitler had not been present in history. In coming up with this paper, a lot of historical
information has been applied. The information
has been attained from different sources.
The credibility of the info is guaranteed as some of the sources can even be located on Google scholar.
Referencing and citation have also been
done accordingly, as per the instructed format of citation.
Hitler; 20th April 1989 to 30th April 1945 assumed the
role of a chancellor and ruler of Germany from 1933 to 1945. He is considered
the world’s most ruthless dictator and leader of the Nazi party. It was
Hitler’s policies that led to the outbreak of the Second World War which only
ended with his death. His ideologies
also led to a historical genocide known as the holocaust in Germany. This
genocide resulted in deaths of over six
million Jews and more than five million other noncombatants.
was born in a highland called Braunau am inn;
in Austria on 20th April 1889. He was a fourth born to
six children born to Alois Hitler and Klara Polzi. When he was a kid, Hitler is
reported to have been in frequent conflict with his
father, who did not endorse his choice of career; fine art. After the
death of his younger brother Edmund in late 1900, Adolf Hitler started to
slowly become introverted and detached.
showed early interests in German nationalism, a characteristic that would later
shape his future and the role he played in writing down history. At a
relatively young age, Hitler rejected the authority of Austria-Hungary. In 1903, hitter’s father died a sudden death
and therefore Hitler was fatherless for most of his life. Two years later,
probably due to financial challenges, his mother allowed him to drop out of
school. She later died in 1907 and Hitler moved to Vienna where he worked as a watercolor painter and a casual laborer. While
in Vienna, Hitler applied to the academy of fine arts two times, both of which
he was rejected. Most of the times, Hitler survived on meager orphan pensions
and stayed in homeless shelters. Hitler himself claimed that it was during
these years that he developed his ideas of anti-Semitism.
1913, Adolf Hitler relocated to Munich, where he applied to serve in the German
army with the outbreak of WW1. Although he was Austrian by citizenship, he was
accepted into the military in the August of 1914. There is a lot of controversy
on the role of Hitler in the war. His accounts show a fearless soldier who was associated with many brave deeds which saw him high top in
commanding ranks. Other reports claim
that Hitler spent most of his time away from front lines and his acts were greatly exaggerated. Al in all, the fact is that he was decorated
for bravery and received two awards; the black wound badge and the iron cross
his accounts and statements, there Is evidence that Hitler was personally
embittered by the collapse of the war and its results. The war was an excellent
fueling factor in his patriotism and passion for a greater and stronger Germany. Following the surrender of Germany
in 1918, Hitler was very dissatisfied, and
like most other German nationalists, he felt that the German forces had been
betrayed by Marxists and civilian leaders. He especially found the treaty of
Versailles to be very degrading and humiliating. This is where his quest for
making a difference began.
Hitler and the Nazis
the war, life returned to normalcy and Hitler returned to Munich, but this
time, as an officer of the German military. As an intelligence officer, he was
tasked with the responsibly of monitoring the activities of (DAP). It was at
this job where Hitler adopted more anti-Marxist,
anti-Semitic and nationalist ideas. In
September 1919, Hitler joined DAP which changed its name to what was
abbreviated to as Nazi. Hitler personally designed the banner of the Nazi
party, displaying his loyalty and dedication to the party. With time, Hitler slowly gained notoriety for his rancorous
speeches against the treaty of Versailles, Jews, and rival politicians. In 1921, Hitler successfully replaced
Drexler as the chairman of the Nazi party.
was a natural orator, like the likes of Martin
Luther King Jr. who came later in the
limelight of the history of the world. With his fervid beer hall speeches, he
started to attract a lot of audience and attention. Influential personalities
in Germany soon started following him. Army captain Ernst Rohm, head of Nazi
paramilitary operations which was responsible for protecting rival political
opponents and protecting Nazi meetings was one of the influential individuals
who also subscribed to Hitler’s ideologies.
8th November 1923, Hitler and the SA stormed a public meeting hosted
by the then Bravian Prime Minister Gustav Kahr
at a beer hall in Munich. At this meeting, Hitler announced that the national
revolution had begun and noted that it
would be marked by the formation of a new national
government. After a short struggle, some few people died, and the coup became a failure. Hitler; the
pioneer was arrested, charged with high treason and sentenced to nine months imprisonment.
his time in prison, Hitler dedicated most of his life to his book which was a
personal biography and political manifesto; Mein Kampf (my struggle). The first volume of the book was published in
the year 1925 and the second volume in
1927. Having been translated into over 11
languages, the book gathered much popularity and had sold over five million
copies by 1930. The book was characteristically a work of propaganda and
falsehoods that laid out Hitler’s plans for transforming the German society
into a one-race society.
Rise to power
Hitler came out of prison, he found an entirely
failing Germany. The economy was a mess, and
the people had completely lost confidence in the government. This state of
affairs provided an excellent political
opportunity for Hitler. The German people had become ambivalent to the
parliamentary republic of the day, making them increasingly vulnerable to extremist options. In 1932, Hitler ran in
opposition to Paul von Hindenburg for the presidency. In both rounds,
Hitler came second, gathering more than 36 percent of the total vote in the
final count. This result established the political future of Hitler as a potent force in future politics. To create
political balance, Hindenburg reluctantly agreed to appoint Hitler as
chancellor. With the powers bestowed upon him, Hitler managed to form a de
facto legal dictatorship. The Reichstag fire decree, for instance, allowed detention without trial and suspended basic rights. Hitler is also attributed to
engineering the passage of the Enabling Act, which allowed the cabinet full legislative supremacy for four years and
allowed deviation from the constitution.
full control over the legislative and executive branches of the government,
Hitler together with his allies embarked on
methodical containment of the remaining political opposition. By the end of June, all other parties had
been intimidated into disbanding. Hitler’s Nazi party was the legal, political party on July 14, 1933, and later
that year, Hitler ordered the withdrawal of Germany from the League of Nations.
On the day before Hindenburg’s death in August
1934, the cabinet came up with a law that sought to abolish the office of the president and combined its powers with those of
the chancellor. With this, Hitler was named the head
of state and head of government and was therefore officially named the chancellor
and leader of Germany.
Laws against the Jews
From 1933 until 1939, when the second world war started,
the Nazi regime came up with hundreds of laws which were aimed at excluding
Jews from the society. These anti-Semitic rules were implemented throughout
all the levels of the government, justifying the intentions of the Nazi’s
pledge to persecute the Jewish people. Hitler made it clear that he wanted to create a pure Aryan
race, which he believed was superior. According to him, a typical Aryan lad was
tall, slim, with blonde hair and blue eyes. Any other physical characteristics
were unacceptable and prone to persecution. Disabled children and homosexuals
were persecuted too (Macksey 2015).
These maneuvers ended up wiping out
about two-thirds of the Jewish population
in Europe, a genocide which is known in the history books as the holocaust.
Jews were sent to concentration camps, where many of them were used for labor, and most mass killings occurred in these camps. The men and the women were separated to
prevent breeding to completely subdue the Jewish population. Hitler failed to
realize that history had proven that nothing could
completely wipe out a people, not even him.
Second World War
In 1938, Hitler, with some other
European leaders signed the Munich agreement. This treaty particularly sought to secede the Sudetenland
districts to Germany, going against the Versailles treaty. This summit saw
Hitler being named a man of the year by
times magazine in 1938. The other European nations choose to ignore Hitler’s
maneuvers, making the summit a diplomatic
win. Hitler continuously became more aggressive, and in 1939, he invaded Poland, sparking the beginning of the
Second World War (Rosenbaum 2014). Two
days later, two European powers, France and Britain declared war on Germany
Hitler was naturally aggressive.
Instead of backing down, he attacked Norway, Denmark, Luxembourg, Belgium, and France in 1940, and ordered bombing raids
on the United Kingdom later in the year. Japan and Italy allied with Germany
and formed the Axis powers, intensifying the war (Spielvogel 2016). Soon, the United States joined the war on the side of
Britain and Hitler was against the world’s largest empire; Britain, and the world’s most
prosperous nation; the United States. As the war continued, generals and
soldiers realized that winning was impossible. Hitler, however, was not backing
down (Rosenbaum 2014). For this reason, his opponents tried many times to
assassinate him but failed. Many were
arrested, charged with treason and killed. History records that there were over
35 attempts on Hitler’s life, all of which failed. It was, however, a matter of
time before Hitler himself realized that he could not win and finally, together
with his wife, he committed suicide. It was a few days after Benito Mussolini;
the Italian dictator had been executed.
Hitler’s political and ideological
aggressions left behind an impoverished and devastated Europe (Spielvogel 2016). Even after his death, the effects of his endeavors
continued to be seen for many decades, and they can be seen even today. His
policies inflicted more human suffering than any other period in history. He is
the one man associated with most deaths in the history of the world. More than
sixty million people died in the Second World War. In the following years,
Europe struggled to reconstruct (Spielvogel
2016). The damages of the war had slowed
down economic growth a great deal. This was the most expensive war that the
world had ever seen. Historians and economists claim that if the war had not
happened, the world would be way much ahead in economic matters.
Europe is not the only continent
that had suffered due to Hitler’s aggressive imperialism. Japan, judges the
results of the Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombings till today (Weinberg 2017). Towards the end of the war, the United States had dropped
two atomic bombs on the two cities. The damage done had not been expected even
by the United States. No other power had seen such bombs being used. Today, Japanese are still bitter on the
sufferings instilled upon their ancestors by the United States. Hitler,
therefore, played a very important role
in the evolution of warfare. It is during
this war that many weapons were created. Ancient fighting methods were dropped
in favor of newer and more effective ones.
If Hitler had not existed at all,
the history of the world would be very different today. The holocaust would not
have occurred; Jews would be more in Europe. Over 80 million people would not
have died, and the world’s population would probably be more than it is today.
Hiroshima and Nagasaki would not have been bombed, and the strained relationship that has been there between the
United States and the Asian country would probably not be present. The world and
especially Europe would probably be more economically stable than it is today
and most of all, the world would not have seen a world war in over one century.
Today, every student of history has
a bad perspective about Germany. Berlin
is associated with associating both the First World War and the Second World
War. If Hitler had not existed, Berlin would probably only have the burden of
being blamed on the First World War. For a long time, international relations
have been based on the role which each country played in the war. There has been bad blood between the powers
that were on the axis side and those powers
that were on the allied side. Although the powers
might have chosen to forget about the
war, the sores are still felt, and such a
situation is perilous especially for such
a world that is very advanced regarding warfare technology. Historians claim
that if at all the world will see another world war, there will be some
relationship with the third world war and the Second World War, automatically
bringing Hitler into the picture, centuries after his death.
Hitler may not have been an iconic
figure, but he is arguably one man that changed the history of the world the
most. Historians have not found any other such figure.
Hitler’s role in history is even more influential than the activities of
imperialists such as Napoleon. One bizarre fact is that Hitler managed to convince
the German people that they were a superior race and that Jews were inferior to
them. A glance at the history of the social life of the German people does not
show any traces of such ideologies among the people before the rise of Hitler.
This means that Hitler came up with his radical ideas and instilled them into a
people, consequently dividing them and causing a massacre.
Conclusively, it is right to argue
that the history of the world would have been very different if at all Hitler
had not been born, or if he had chosen
not to involve himself in politics and governance of Germany. However, as it
is, Hitler was an aggressive extremist, and he managed to change history. His
deeds left the Jews the most persecuted people in history, simply for the reason that they did not have
physical characteristics that matched the
interests of Hitler. The Second World War would not have happened if Hitler had
not attacked Poland. Hiroshima and Nagasaki would probably be one of the most
successful cities in the modern world. Hitler changed the course of history. He
is not the most hated man in history for nothing. Leaders use history to as a reference to drive out lessons
and guide themselves. Hitler’s reign probably has more lessons than any other reign. When he made a right decision, its
effects were adverse, and the vice versa
is true. His extremist nature, for instance, left a single religion wiped out
by three thirds in close to fifteen
years. The man was a beast; he even ended
his own life.
Macksey, K. (Ed.). (2015). The Hitler Options: Alternate Decisions of World War II. Frontline
Rosenbaum, R. (2014). Explaining Hitler: The search
for the origins of his evil. Hachette UK.
Spielvogel, J. J. (2016). Hitler and Nazi Germany: A
Weinberg, G. L. (2017). Hitler,
Mein Kampf: Eine kritische Edition eds. by Christian Hartmann
et al. Holocaust
and Genocide Studies, 31(1), 110-115.