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The Enlightenment was a historic moment in which European politics, philosophy, science and communication were radically redirected during the “eighteenth century” (1685-1815). The important precursors of the Enlightenment were Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, Montesquieu and Jean Rousseau. The goal of the Enlightenment was to inform the public. His hope was to crush superstition, intolerance and slavery. They wanted to make people “more civilized”. The Europeans knew distant civilizations. They recognized that some, like China, had impressive governments, cultures and stories. However, these societies have evolved without Christianity. The thinkers of the Enlightenment became respectable, influential and even feared. The monarchs asked for his advice and corresponded with them. Tolerance has gradually spread. Witchcraft trials have diminished and torture has disappeared in many places. More education All over Europe, the laws have been reformed.
Thomas Hobbes was an English philosopher considered one of the founders of modern philosophy. Hobbes was best known for his book Leviathan written in 1651 which established the theory of social contract that served as the basis for subsequent Western political philosophy. Hobbes has also contributed to a number of other fields, including history, jurisprudence, geometry and general philosophy. Hobbes thought that the monarchy was the best form of government and the only one that could make peace. In some of Hobbes’ early works, he only says that there must be a supreme sovereign power in society. In the Leviathan, Hobbes unequivocally defends that the absolutist monarchy is the only correct form of government. Hobbes believed that any conflict would lead to a civil war. In the Hobbes system, obedience to the sovereign is directly related to peace. The sovereign has the power to direct the government, determine all laws, be responsible for the church, determine the first principles and judge the philosophical disputes. For Hobbes, this