The had to follow American laws or

The Indian Removal act of 1830 was signed by the current President of the time, Andrew Jackson. On May 28, 1830 the act was officially signed. The law allowed the president to negotiate with southern Indian tribes for their removal to federal territory west of the Mississippi River in exchange for their lands. As this was another step forward for manifest destiny and the expansion of the United States, Andrew Jackson demanded military action on removing first nations from the southern states of the US. This later lead to him singing the Indian Removal Act which ended up ruining and separating many Native Americans. Even though the act only gave the right for negotiation between Native Americans and the US government for their removal from the southern states to expand the US nation, it was pretty much forced upon them leaving them no choice but to comply. Relocation was only supposed to be voluntary, but that was not the reality. Many were forced to relocate to Oklahoma. Violence was a constant theme when Natives would be asked to leave by US officials. They felt violated, like something was being stolen from them. The land they knew as their own, now gone. This act ended any and all laws created by Native Americans in their communities, they either had to follow American laws or leave their home land. Many tribes were affected by this deed to help the US expansion. Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole, were among the many tribes affected by this removal act. What makes these tribes special is that they were way more westernized than many other smaller tribes that were prevalent at that time. Only a select few tribes signed the treaty agreeing to relocate and giving away their land to the expansion of the US. The majority of the tribes fought for what was originally theirs, which never ended good for them. When talking about the Indian Removal Act, a constant thing that is mentioned is the “Trail of Tears.” The Trail of Tears was the journey many Natives had to take while getting to their new home in Oklahoma. The “Trail” was not a specific route that they had to take or took, their were many unique ways taken to get to the west. Some took boats while others walked on foot. The “Trail of Tears” got its name by the Cherokee people. They named it this because of the horrendous effects it had on Natives. Many faced exhaustion and disease, some even ended up dying on route. Another thing to mention about the Indian Removal Act is the Worcester v. Georgia court case that took place in 1832. This all occurred because back before the Indian Removal Act was even instated a law was passed stating a ban of non Indians from living in Indian territories. Only Non Native Americans with a special permission were allowed to live on these lands. The whole court case started when Sam Worcester and his family refused to leave from an area that was labelled as an “Native territory.” The family also refused to apply for the license that would allow them to live on the land. Sam and his family were later arrested, the charges were appealed and he went to court. He felt as his rights were being taken away and that this was unconstitutional. The verdict ended up being ruled in the favor of Sam Worcester and his family, they found that the state of Georgia was infringing upon the 14th amendment, which stated that it was a citizen’s right to pursue “life liberty and happiness.” (“The Removal Act was used to displace Native American communities across the United States, often by force” Catherine J. Denial, 2017, ┬áIndian Removal Act, Expansion and Reform third edition) The way this Act of Manifest Destiny relates back to the statement is that this is a prime example of how the movement was completely imperialistic and at the expense and mercy of others.

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