Before the technology existed to build the Internet, many
scientists had already predicted the existence of worldwide networks of
information. In the 1940’s, Paul Otlet and Vannevar Bush created the first
mechanisms for searchable storage systems of books and media. Then, in the
early 1960’s, computer scientists developed the concept of packet switching, a
method for effectively transmitting electronic data that would later become one
of the major stepping stones for building the Internet.
The first workable prototype of the Internet came in the
late 1960’s with the creation of ARPANET (Advanced Research Projects Agency
Network). ARPANET used packet switching to allow multiple computers to
communicate on a single network. Then in the 1970s scientists Robert Kahn and
Vinton Cerf developed Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) and Internet Protocol
(IP), a communications model that set the standards for how data could be
transmitted between multiple networks. ARPANET adopted this model in 1983, and
from there researchers began to assemble the modern Internet. The online world
then took on a more familiar form in 1990, when computer scientist Tim
Berners-Lee invented the World Wide Web. While it’s regularly mistaken for the
Internet itself, the web is simply the most widely recognized methods for
getting to information online as sites and hyperlinks. The web advanced the
Internet among general society and filled in as a significant advance in
developing the gigantic trove of information of data that we access today.
Although ARPANAT is credited with the creation of the
internet, they could not have created it without the prior technological
knowledge that the storage mechanisms had provided and the knowledge of the
packet switching. Likewise, Tim Berners-Lee used technological knowledge to
create the web.
(Andrews, E. (2013, December 18). Who invented the internet?
Retrieved January 23, 2018, from
In 1959, Volvo engineer Nils Bohlin created the 3-point
seatbelt which is the standard seatbelt in every car today. It was a revolutionary
innovation. Cars originally had a 2-point waist restraint. Volvo prided itself
in wanting to put safety first and when Mr. Bohlin innovated the unsafe waist
restraint, Volvo could have patent the idea and struck it rich. But with safety
in mind, the company decided this was an idea that could not kept to
This would be another example of technological knowledge. Mr.
Bohlin being an engineer had the knowledge and ability to innovate a safety
feature that already existed.
(George, P. (2013, August 08). Volvo Gave Away Their Most
Important Invention To Save Lives. Retrieved January 23, 2018, from