The Louisiana Purchase was a land deal between the United States and France. The United States acquired approximately 827,000 square miles of land west of the Mississippi River for $15 million. In 1762 Spain had controlled Louisiana with a relatively free hand, however, in 1800 Spain signed the Treaty of San Ildefonso while under pressure. Thomas Jefferson feared that American settlers might lose access to the port of New Orleans. On April 18, 1802, he wrote a letter saying that “There is on the globe one single spot, the possessor of which is our national and habitual enemy. It is New Orleans…”- Thomas Jefferson. Napoleon decided to abandon his plans for an empire in the New World. The Purchase enclosed portions of 14 states, and 2 Canadian Provinces. The Purchase involved all of what is now Nebraska, Arkansas, Iowa, Oklahoma, Missouri, Kansas, and some of Minnesota. In inclusion, the Purchase contained small parts of land that would someday become part of the Canadian provinces. In the Purchase, the land covered around 23% of the area of the United States. At the time of the movement, it faced clam resistance as being possibly unlawful. Jefferson decided to gain Louisiana because he felt anxious about France and Spain having much more power over the American trade access than he did. New Orleans was meaningful for transporting goods to and from the United States. On October 27, 1795, American merchants had the “right of deposit.” They also used this right to to ship goods such as flour, bacon, butter, cheese, and more. In 1798, Spain dismissed this treaty. However, once a new governor took over in 1801, the treaty was fully restored. Not all Americans think that the U.S. was a delightfully favored nation and needs to be enlarged. Whigs exclusively argued that the “mission” of the U.S. was only to serve as honorable examples. If the United States was rewarding as a shining “city on a hill,” people in other areas would want to create their own democratic republics. Jefferson didn’t want the U.S. to grow in size since other republics would start to form what is called an “empire for liberty.” As more area was added, the establishment of slavery became a major problem in a growing break translation of America’s “mission.” In 1843, Andrew Jackson presented this as a new start of a new “mission.” Bonaparte confronted a huge problem and consequently lost in the Haitian Revolution. On May 20, 1802, slavery was restored in France’s colonial custody. The force, was later defeated by yellow fever. On October 1, 1804, the purchased area was formed into the Territory of Orleans. At the time this was briefly under the authority of the governor and judges of the Indiana Territory. It stayed a Territory until Louisiana was granted as a state. On April 8, 1812, the area of Louisiana was organized directly upon the admission of Louisiana as a state. On March 3, 1849, an act entrenched two regions again. From 1797 to 1801, Jefferson expressed Tennessee in Congress. As a conclusion of his firm support he was made governor of the Mississippi Territory in 1801. In 1803, he was elected governor of the Orleans Territory. In inclusion, he delivered to the people the involvement of having a representative government. In 1817, Villere was voted to the United States Senate, but died in New Orleans because of a liver disease. By the time of his death, he had already granted the best gift to Louisiana. He gave them courage in their new country and in themselves. Two political legislative units to Louisiana were achieved during this time. They were the parish system and the police jury system. In 1807, the territorial legislature repossessed the 12 countries built not long after Louisiana became the 19th civil parish. Under the parish system, the judge authority of the peace, and a group of 12 citizens carried out organizational duties on a very high level. The police judge system, formed after the Spanish system of syndics, was harshly comparable to most states. Territorial officials had to incorporate English common law with French and Spanish civil law conducted long practices in Louisiana. In 1811, the United States Congress recognized the calling of a state meeting to draw up a constitution for Louisiana. More than 76,000 people endured in the Territory of Orleans. This created what is now Louisiana, minus the parishes east of the Mississippi River. This number expanded the minimum population of 60,000. Louisiana’s 1812 constitution was formed after Kentucky maintained a two-house legislature. Louisiana’s governor had the right to assign all judges and local officials. This guideline of a strong head of state gave Louisiana’s French and Spanish colonial tradition of powerful governors. On April 30, 1812, Congress granted Louisiana as the 18th state in the Union. The meeting desired that Congress add the Florida parishes to the new state, and congress granted this desire. Named after the Native American people who at first developed the land, Missouri was collected by the U.S. as part of the 1803 Louisiana Purchase. At first, Missouri was granted as a slave state. It was the beginning point and the ending point of the Lewis and Clark expedition. By 1860, to try to keep flooding under control, the state had finished development of 140 miles of dam on the Mississippi River. At first the states western border was a straight line described as the meridian. This line is known as the Osage Boundary. This inclusion made the Union much much larger than what it already was. Even though it was already a large state, it now became 172,000 square miles. Native Americans first owned that state and built a thriving religion and culture along the Mississippi River around 500 A.D.