The over societies economic gain for paidThe over societies economic gain for paid

The prison- industrial complex is described as a characteristic of the expeditive expansion of the United States’ inmate population influenced from political campaigns, businesses and private prison companies that often distribute supplies and goods to government prison agencies for profit. The prison- industrial complex are corporations that contract cheap prison labor, such as construction companies, companies that serve food and medical supplies, and lawyers that represent them. This term, “prison- industrial complex,” refers to the mass networking of participants who prioritize their personal financial gain over societies economic gain for paid prisoners or rehabilitating criminals. Such supporting groups assert the construction of new prisons with the potential for profit which is encouraged of increase sentencing of incarceration for more personal benefactions, therefore leading to unjust and extensive convictions, specifically affecting people of color at particularly higher rates. Specialist have identified that the incarceration rate is dependent on increasing sentenced timed on the crimes committed. The upper class uses imprisonment as a way to suppress the lower class, which is usually filled with the Latinos or African Americans. Prison may be considered a simply a idea to control minorities described as “dangerous” so that they can maintain their position as the upper one percent living in the United States. Angela Davis, academic and author, and political activist, whom is prominent in counterculture activist and close involvement in the Civil Rights Movement said that “the political economy of prisons relies on racialized assumptions of criminality and on racist practices in arrest, conviction, and sentencing patterns” (Davis). Thusly, once we strip away from the false imprisonment situation that we build our political economy upon, we see what is revealed as a racist, class bias, which provokes the capitalist profit consumption. The prison industrial system dominates the social wealth that needs to be addressed leading to a uncontrollable spin of falsely accused minority prisoners. Specifically, the mass incarceration of African American citizens during the 1980’s was directed in the undermining of black political power. They took away prisoners having their exercise to vote, which lead to exhaustion of the minorities living in rural homes, resulting in African Americans living in urban areas losing their influence in politics as well. When the War on Drugs was put it place it significantly influenced the vast development of the prison- industrial complex as well. The policy measures drug abuse as a criminal issue which directly fuels the very existence of the prison- industrial complex. Since 40th presidential campaign of Ronald Reagan, constructed the “war on drugs” in the 1980’s, “incarceration rates tripled and led to the majority of the United States inmate population in federal prison” (Sentencing Project). The American prisons are overpopulated with drug users via laws that were implemented by Reagan and Nixon, making the United States the most incarcerated individuals than any other nation. The War on Drugs has disproportionately targeted African Americans and resulted to reinforce the institutionalized racism embedded in the prison- industrial complex. Though data collects the illegal use of drugs among white men is almost equivalent to those of black men, “black men are five times more likely to be arrested for a drug offense” (NACCP). Drug crimes in California are considered illegal if one possess, manufactures, or distributes drugs that are classified as having potential for drug abuse. Such substances that are considered a threat is cocaine, heroin, and morphine. However, the majority of the United States have African Americans convicted of drug possession, drug dealing, trafficking, and drug use to be convicted the most, in contrast the majority that are actually convicted are Caucasians in California. The United States prison- industrial complex and drug policy both underly on a foundation of racism. In political campaigns, the candidates use code language, also known as “dog whistles,” in which only their followers would understand. These “dog whistles” is a political message implicated in encoded language that seemingly appears to be a general population meaning, but in reality targeted to one specific subgroup. They are usually used as a perception of intent on behalf of the speaker thoughts in the messaging. The phrase “dog whistle” comes from a high- frequency sound only heard by dogs but inaudible to human ears, thusly only some people would get the message. For example, the phrase “state’s rights” may refer to the general population the power of individual state governments in the United States, but in reality was code for institutionalized segregation and racism. Furthermore, phrases such as “law and order” and “tough on crime,” used by past candidates sounded like a non-threatening policy which would focus on making sure the laws will be enacted and upheld as well as the lawbreakers will be held accountable for their actions, but in reality these two phrases are dog whistles targeting towards the low income communities, particularly the African Americans and Latinos once again. These dog whistles enacted a molding in mass incarceration on the Black, Hispanic, and Latino communities. As well as intentionally marking the African Americans and Latinos, another act was implemented, called the “Three- Strikes and You’re Out” law, which locked in prisoners for minor offenses. Thusly, creating a mass exploitation of vulnerabilities and racial sentiments of the working class.