The word “bully” was first used in 1530 and has an unpleasant meaning.Bullying creates a culture of fear and has a negative impact on everyone involved that usually the students. Being bullied can seriously affect a person’s especially their health. Bullying can affect physical and emotional health, both in the short term and later in life. There are different types of bullying to include verbal, physical and social. The victims of bullying suffer the most serious effects because these bad activities harm their health. Bullying can occur in both underprivileged and affluent communities. For an example, on 14 June 2017, five university students were charged at the Magistrate’s Court here today with the murder Malaysia National Defence University (UPNM) naval cadet, Zulfarhan Osman Zulkarnain. They were charged under section 302 and 109 of the Penal Code which carries the mandatory death sentence upon conviction. Zulfarhan, 21, a third-year student, died on 1 June 2017 at 9 p.m. at the Serdang Hospital, allegedly due to bullying. I agree that bullying can give bad effect to the student’s health that can lower their quality of life.
First and foremost, bullying brings harm mainly to the student’s health. This is because when the students are being bullied they will experience illness problems such as psychosomatic and psychosocial problems. Victims of bullying had significantly had higher chances of developing new psychosomatic and psychosocial problems compared with students who were not bullied. Psychosomatic problems are symptoms that caused by mental or emotional disturbance while psychosocial problems are symptoms that involving both psychological and social aspects. Signs that show bully victims experience these symptoms are when they have sleeping problems, anxiety, bedwetting, headaches, abdominal pain, poor appetite and feeling tiredness. These illness problems occur to them when they are being bullied at school. According to Fekkes(2006), ” the results indicate that children with depressive symptoms and anxiety are at increased risk of being victimised. Because victimization could have an adverse effect on children’s attempts to cope with depression or anxiety, it is important to consider teaching these children skills that make them less vulnerable to bullying behaviour”. These bladder symptoms must be prevented to ensure that the bully victims have a good quality of life.
Then, the effect of bullying is can cause depression among students that being bullied. Bully victims will experience depression because they are being teased, having bad rumours spread about them and experience physical violence. Depression is a brain disorder that can lead to much emotional anguish. There are a few of the most common physical symptoms of depression such as increased aches and pains, chronic fatigue, decreased interest in sex, decreased appetite, insomnia and oversleeping. Bullying and depression are often related. Victims of bullying may be at even higher risk for depression. High level of victimisation predicted poor physical health for boys and poor mental health for girls. Researchers have discovered a strong link between bullying and depression. Depression can have a number of serious effects on a person’s life. The link between bullying and depression can also extend to other problems such as low self-esteem, anxiety, high rates of school absence and physical illness. The most serious case that will occur among bully-victims is to commit suicide because they suffer from depression. According to Bond (2001),” Bullying occurs in all schools, but its relevance to health and wellbeing is uncertain. On the one hand it can be considered a common and normal developmental experience; alternatively, it can be considered an important cause of stress and of physical and emotional problems”.
Moreover, the harmful of bullying it can cause suicidal thoughts among bully-victims. Youth who report both bullying and being bullied have the highest risk of the suicide-related behaviour of any group. People who engage in suicide-related behaviour often experience an overwhelming feeling of helplessness and hopeless because of bullying. The bully victims think suicide is the only way to solve their problems even though this way can only make them more suffer in their life. They think of suicide because of many reasons that occur when they are being bullied by the cruel bullies that disturb their peaceful life. The reason is that they could not handle the pain when they are beaten by the bullies and they lose their ray of hope in life because they think nobody loves them in this world. According to Leventhal (2005), “Students who were involved in school bullying, especially victim-perpetrators and female students, had significantly higher risks for suicide ideation and suicidal behaviour when compared with individuals who were not involved in school bullying. In addition to attempting to decrease bullying in a community, students who are involved in school bullying should be the targets for suicide monitoring and prevention programs”.
In a nutshell, bullying is a serious problem that can cause long-term damage to self-esteem. I hope that a comprehensive intervention plan that involves all students, parents and school staff is required to ensure that all students can learn in a safe and fear-free environment. I still agree that bullying gives harmful to students’ health.