The Antebellum Period was the period leading up to the Civil War. Throughout the 1800s, the Northern colonists pushed for tools industrialization, manufacturing and education while the South retained a successful plantation economy along with a society that was extremely dependant on African-American slaves. While the North eventually allowed for slavery to be abolished, the South grew more dependent on it, specifically when its productivity increased with cotton. One of the root causes of The Civil War, was the inability to for the North and the South to come together. They were encouraged to make negotiations and compromises due to the fact that they were under one federal government. A big factor was the inability to compromise on slavery because the North and the South opposed each other and their perceptions on the necessity and morality about it. The different regions experienced social and economic differences and leaders that viewed slavery differently. The South felt threatened by the increased amount of abolitionist influence in the government and it reacted with secession from the Union and thus through war because of the disagreement between the North and the South. The abolitionist movement in the US was the attempt to finish slavery in a nation that values freedom and believed that “all men were created equal”. However throughout time, the abolitionists were becoming more strict about their demands, and slave owners were not in agreement in response, which ultimately led to the Civil War because of the fueling of hostility. Many of the people from New England had grown extremely wealthy through the slave trade before the slave importation was banned. Soon that area became the heart of the abolition belief. Thus came abolitionist newspapers by 1820. (Doc 2). South Carolina commenced penalties for the people that advocated for anti-slavery and brought material into the slave state. All of the publications argued against slavery as a social evil. To defend their argument they brought up African American writing and other, similar achievements to demonstrate that they were just as capable to pursue education as the Europeans and they should have the freedom to do so. (Doc 3). Yet a grandiose amount of people among the abolitionists, did not believe that those two races were equal and few people believed that slavery was for the better. James Henry Hammond being one of those advocates, was a 19th century slave-owner from South Carolina who defended slavery as a good idea. “American slavery is not only not a sin, but especially commanded by God through Moses, and approved by Christ through his apostles” (American Religious History book). Hammond wrote a speech called “Cotton is King” on March 4, 1858 essentially, saying that the North would collapse without the South providing their needs, specifically cotton. “That last year the United States exported in round numbers $279,000,000 worth of domestic produce, excluding gold and foreign merchandise re-exported. Of this amount $158,000,000 worth is the clear produce of the South; articles that are not and cannot be made at the North” (Doc. 8). His speech went more in depth stating a large amount of He also made it clear that the South sent $30,000,000 worth of cotton which was not counted as the exports along with, “There is no doubt that we sent to the North $40,000,000 in addition; but suppose the amount to be $35,000,000, it will give us a surplus production of $220,000,000. ” (Doc. 8). Again, this is Hammond emphasizing and attempting to prove that the Borth needed the South to export to them or else they would not be able to survive. Hammond, the attorney and politician who served as the United States Representative (1835-1836), presented his speech on the Admission of Kansas, under the Lecompton Constitution Speech before the United States Senate in 1858. The expression from the speech, was used by Southern authors and orators before the Civil War to indicate the economic dominance of the Southern cotton industry, and that the North needed the South’s cotton. In a speech to the Senate in 1858, James Hammond declared, “You daren’t make war against cotton! …Cotton is king!”.Cotton is King was a phrase used by the South during the American Civil War. South exported around 90% of Britain’s “textile industry” before the Civil War. After cotton gin was introduced and it was also during the heaviest part of slavery in America. The south thought that Britain would need that cotton so much that they would be willing to defend the Confederates from the Union, thus defending slavery. In 1860, the South’s economy was almost completely contingent on Tobacco and Cotton The phrase “King Cotton” was used to convince “the southern states that they could win the war simply based on starving the textile industry of other countries.used before the American Civil War (of 1861–1865) by pro-secessionists in the Southern States (the future Confederacy)” (Doc 8). to claim the feasibility of secession and to prove that they could easily go to war with the North. The South was very agricultural and it was filled with farmers, however one fourth of that Southern Population were slave owners and making them mostly planters. Most of the farmers lived on medium sized farms, while a small number of planters ran larger farms, or plantations but back in 1793, cotton took over as the “king of the southern economy”. In order to clear the land grow cotton, the Southerner’s plan was to start using slave labor, making it essential for their affluence in the economy. Since the south exported the majority of their cotton and tobacco, they were afraid that they would frighten the foreign markets that bought their goods and thus they were against tariffs. “The North also had big cities where people would work in factories and there were no slaves to be found.” (Civil War site). Their works differed in the sense that the North were varied, from shipping, textiles, lumbers, furs, and mining. To protect its industries from any foreign competition, the North favored high tariffs or taxes on goods coming in from other countries. It’s population was already twice as large as the South’s by 1790, and was becoming even bigger and more diverse with different people. Railroads and improved communications (the telegraph) nourished the booming industries of the North. (Doc. 3). The Civil War was prevalent in the aspect that the North and the South struggled and failed to ever compromise. The regions experienced social and economic differences and leaders that viewed slavery differently. The South felt threatened by the increased amount of abolitionist influence in the government and it reacted with secession from the Union and thus through war because of the disagreement between the North and the South. With the North being more diverse and the South advocating for more slaves, it was almost impossible for the two to compromise thus causing the Civil War.