The USA did not meddle with the

The conventional reason given the defeat of the Axis
Powers is due to the entry of the USA in the war. In the 1930s, USA believed
strongly in isolating itself from European affairs, thus resulting in
isolationism. USA did not meddle with the affairs or interests of other
countries, and its country’s resources and efforts were devoted fully to
improving its own country. President Franklin Roosevelt feared the possibility
of war should USA do nothing to stop aggressive countries. As such, he provided
aid such as the “Cash and Carry policy” and “Lend-Lease act” to stop aggressive
countries, and this allowed him to achieve his balance between isolation and
intervention. The “Cash and Carry policy” allowed France and Britain to
purchase arms from USA, only if they paid in full and transported them on their
own. Eventually, the “Cash and Carry policy” changed to the “Lend-Lease act” in
March 1941, as Britain resources were drained and France was knocked out of the
war. This signalled the end of American neutrality. The “Lend-Lease act”
allowed payment for purchase of weapons to be deferred and payment may not be
in cash. Thus, there was a fresh injection of supplies. The total expenditure
for this act was US$ 50 billion at the end of the war in 1945. Roosevelt wanted
USA to be the arsenal of democracy, and help the European countries to achieve
their goal of democracy and peace against the threat of the Axis Powers. After
France fell to Germany, USA stepped up its aid to Britain, who was the only
major Allied country in Europe that has not fallen to Germany, and gave 50
destroyers for 8 British naval bases in the Caribbean. Other forms of USA aid
include escorts for all allied convoys against the German U-boats. Therefore,
allied supplies were able to cross the seas safely. USA also imposed economic
sanctions on the Axis powers. Japanese assets in USA were frozen and iron
supply was restricted to Japan. The sanctions deprived the Axis powers of
essential resources, and were weakened.

On 7 December 1941, Japan attacked and bombed the US
fleet at Pearl Harbour without warning. This bombing brought the USA out of
isolationism and USA declared war on Japan on 8 December 1941. USA formally
entered the war. The entry of USA meant that USA was now directly involved in
the war and they could now openly provide troops, resources and other forms of
aid to the Allied Powers. This input gave the Allied Powers a much needed boost
in power. Being the world’s largest economy at that time, USA efficiently
converted its factories to produce military resources at a rapid rate that the
Axis Powers were unable to match. USA also sent large numbers of American
military personnel to aid the Allied military campaigns. These additional fresh
troops bolstered the Allies numbers which ultimately led to the defeat of
Germany who was drained and war-weary. The USA also collaborated with the
Allies on military strategies, which helped the Allies to control the air and
sea. This control of air and sea power prevented essential resources from
reaching Germany. It also gave the Allies greater opportunities and success in
bombing German cities, Axis military sites and resources. This slowed the Axis
production of war materials. Sea and air power also led to tactical success
against Germany. The defeat of the U-boats in the Atlantic by USA superior
anti-submarine weapons and the Allies usage of mid-Atlantic naval bases forced
the Germans to recall their U-boats.

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One new reason that caused the defeat of the Axis powers
is due to the ineffective command structure in Germany. German state and
military command structure suffered from a confusing system of overlapping
authority. Only Hitler had the access to all information and insisted on making
all the decisions himself and often went against good counsel and advice. For
example, he attacked Ukrainian cities instead of focusing his strength on
capturing Moscow, which cost the Germans a chance to win the Soviets. Hitler
also ordered the Luftwaffe warplanes to attack British cities instead of focusing
on the destruction of the British Royal Air Force (RAF) and its bases. This
gave the RAF time and space to prevent Britain from falling to Germany.
Hitler’s failure to capture Britain was his first real defeat. This lifted the
morale of the Allies. Hitler was unable to capture Britain, and Britain’s
survival proved vital to the Allies, as it kept the Western front alive for the
Allies as Britain was the base for the American and RAF bombing campaigns
against the Germans.

I believe that the Axis Powers lost due to the entry of
the entry of USA in the war. 

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