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There are several ways of
learning, but one that stands out above all to me is cognitive learning. The
cognitive learning theory is a broad theory that underlines thinking and different
mental processes and how they are changed by inner and external factors in
order to produce learning in individuals. When considering cognitive learning
there are three specific points, first behavioral factors, environmental/social
factors, and the founders and principles of cognitive learning itself. Below you
will be focusing on how these three points are vital to cognitive learning,
explaining and going into detail of their importance.


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            To commence, cognitive learning can be branched out into
several factors, one of the aspects of viewing cognitive learning is through
behavioral factors. Cognitive Behavioral Theory describes the role of knowing
to determining and predicting the behavioral pattern of an individual. This
theory was developed by Aaron Beck. He states, “The Cognitive Behavioral Theory
says that individuals tend to form self-concepts that affect the behavior they
display. These concepts can be positive or negative and can be affected by a
person’s environment.” In other words cognitive behavioral theory explains and
goes into detail of the cognitive triad. Beck’s cognitive triad, is an
irrational and gloomy view of the three key elements of a person’s belief
system in the state of depression. It was proposed by Aaron Beck in 1976. Piaget’s
theory of cognitive development is a comprehensive theory about the nature and
development of human intelligence. It was first created by the Swiss
developmental psychologist


Jean Piaget (1896–1980).
This psychologist was one of the few founders of the cognitive theorem. He
identified four developmental stages and the cognitive processes associated
with each of them.


            Secondly, another vital factor to cognitive learning is
environmental/social factors. In the person-environment interaction, human thoughts,
ideas and skills for cognitive learning are changed by external points such as a
parent that are supportive, or a very disturbing weather or gloomy day. In the
person-behavior interaction, the cognitive processes of a person affect his
behavior, but also the way a person performs in such behavior can change the
way he thinks. The environment-behavior interaction, external factors can alter
the way you display the behavior. Also, your behavior can affect and change
your environment. Social Learning Theory suggests that people learn from one
another person, via observation, imitation, and showing. This theory has been named
a tie between behaviorist and cognitive learning theories because it includes memory,
motivation, and attention. Social Cognitive Theory includes several basic
concepts that can manifest not only in adults but also in infants, children and
adolescents. Emotional coping is necessary because, good managing instruments
against stressful environment and negative personal characteristics can lead to
effective learning, especially in adults.


            Furthermore, there are four specific psychologists that
focused on different cognitive conditions that have an impact on learning.
First, as mentioned above, Jean Piaget, created Piaget’s theory of
cognitive development which is a comprehensive theory about the nature and

Learning                                                                                                                              5

Development of human
intelligence. Piaget’s theory is mainly known as a developmental stage theory.
Another great mind is that of Benjamin Bloom, whom created “bloom’s taxonomy”. “Bloom’s
Taxonomy” was created in Nineteen Fifty-six (1956) under the head of
educational psychologist Dr. Benjamin Bloom in order to promote higher forms of
thinking in education, such as analyzing and evaluating concepts, processes,
procedures, and principles, rather than just remembering facts. Jerome Bruner was
an American psychologist who made significant contributions to human cognitive
psychology and cognitive learning theory in educational psychology. He created
the constructivist theory. This theory stated that a major theme in the
theoretic basis of Bruner, is that learning is an active process in which
learners construct new ideas or concepts based upon their current or past
knowledge. And lastly, David Ausubel was an American psychologist. His most
significant contribution to the fields of educational psychology, cognitive
science, and science education learning was on the development and research on
advance organizers since 1960. He stressed the importance of active mental
participation in meaningful learning tasks. He also stated that learning must
be meaningful to be effective and permanent.

to get the most out of Cognitive Learning

            In addition, Cognitive Learning can be a great tool to
use when having trouble understanding a certain topic. Cognitivism is a
learning theory that focuses on how information is received, organized, stored,
and retrieved by the mind. In other words, cognitivism can be viewed as the
brains processor or computer. Cognitivism focuses on two key points; retention
and recall, these factors help bring back those thoughts that you retained.
Cognitivism is often used for creating classroom lessons and helping scholars
learn a different way of thinking critically. Cognitivism is a resourceful
method of structuring a lesson plan in order to accommodate those kids in need
of special assistance, such as, having problems with understanding or
comprehending the topic at hand.


            For the aforementioned reasons, you can clearly see the
major branches of cognitive learning and how it functions, through a
behavioral, environmental/social aspect, and the major contributors to
cognitive learning. The cognitive learning theory explains why the brain is the
most incredible network of information processing and interpretation in the
body as we learn things. This theory can be divided into two specific theories:
the Social Cognitive Theory, and the Cognitive Behavioral Theory. The three
points mentioned above are the base of cognitive theory.