Think the 1920 – 30’s where Canada


          Think about all you have, all you have
all accomplished and now think about if WW1 or WW2 was not won by the allies,
would you be here today? Now that has been a question many have been asking,
would one event small or big drastically change the outcome of one country? The
answer to that question is still unknown as we can not answer something we do
not know. Think about this, If Adolf Hitler was accepted to the Academy of Fine
Arts Vienna, the school that rejected him, would he become an important figure
in the history of Art or still become the ruthless dictator he was? Now we can
not go back in time to answer this question as such a thing may never be
possible which is why it is important to remember and recognize our past. It is
because of our past events that has made us into who we are. Canada is filled
with countless number of events that has shaped the nation in the 20th
century. Moments like the Halifax Explosion that created the largest man-made
explosion at the time, the 1920 – 30’s where Canada started becoming more independent
and the Constitutional Act of 1982 that gave Canada the power to change its
constitution without the approval from Britain have all played an important
role in shaping our country into who we are today.



          Ever since the start of World War 1,
Britain has been somewhat dependant on support from their allies due to their
island geography. Canada being the most notable. By sending large amounts of supplies,
munition, and food, Britain were able to sustain themselves even longer. On the
morning of the 6th of December 1917, in Halifax, Nova Scotia, two
ships collided in the harbour. One being a Norwegian ship named the SS Imo and
the other being a French freighter named the SS Mont Blanc. The SS Imo was
leaving the Halifax harbour to head to New York City meanwhile the SS Mont
Blanc was as well trying to leave the harbour to join a convoy where it would have
been escorted to Britain. The SS Mont Blanc was carrying 2,300 tons of picric acid, 200 tons of TNT, 35
tons of high-octane gasoline, and 10 tons of gun cotton, all very flammable and
explosive. At       8:45 am the 2 ships collided,
and the Mont Blanc was ignited. The crew tried signalling the harbour but to no
luck. As spectators started gathering at the docks, the fire starting to reach
the explosives and approximately 20 minutes later the boat exploded releasing a
giant a mushroom cloud larger than ever seen before. Instantly people near the
harbour died and the north end of the city was completely flattened. The death
toll would later rise to 1800 and injuring 9000 people. Due to houses being
destroyed by the extreme blast from the explosion, 15% of Halifax’s population
was left homeless. A 20-foot tsunami would later sweep the area creating mud puddles
and leaving debris scattered around. The explosion was later declared the
biggest man-made explosion at that time. The explosion left hundreds blind because
of flying glass which became an important reason why the Canadian National Institution
for the Blind (CNIB) was created and still exists today. The disaster also changed
the Canadian Red Cross Organization’s ruling as it increased its wartime relief
response to include disaster response and medical emergencies. This event also urged
the Canadian Government to create its first public housing which is still up
today. The disaster also increased relations between Canada and The United
States of America as the people of Boston started sending ships of 100 doctors,
300 nurses and 1 million dollars in medical supplies to help support Halifax.
This courage is why Nova Scotia sends the biggest Christmas tree to Boston
every year and still does today.  

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