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Thomas Hobbes was an English man born in 1588. He lived to
the ripe old age of 91 and died in the year 1679. As the son of a disgraced clergyman,
he was not well-off, nor did he have a title however he was lucky enough to be
supported by his uncle, Francis Hobbes, who was wealthy enough to provide his
education at Magdalen Hall in Oxford. His intellectual ability as well as his
maturity led him to continue on studying at Oxford. After Graduating, he was
employed by the Cavendish family where he tutored their son, William Cavendish,
thus allowing Hobbes access into circles of important members of society of the
time, which he could then influence and in turn, be influenced by. His time as
a tutor had helped him develop his thoughts and writings as well as led him to
many different encounters with influential intellectual figures such as
Descartes and Galileo Galilei.

In his life, Hobbes has also lived through the English Civil
Wars of 1642 to 1646 and 1648 to 1651.  These wars had led to the
execution of the King and a republic being declared in England. These events affected him
greatly due to his affiliations with the royalist side as well as his political
philosophy and it eventually led to his exile from England and his moving to Paris,
France. Even after the war had ended, he still felt the need to stay in Paris
for fear of his personal safety due to the influential religious figures’
opinions about his controversial ideas of religion.

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One can easily see the influence the English
Civil Wars had on Hobbes’s political philosophy.  In his most famous work,
“the leviathan”, one is introduced to the idea of a social contract in which
Hobbs explains the natural state of Man without the control of sovereignty.
When one analyses the life that Hobbes had lived one it is easy to notice the impact
the wars has on his philosophy as he advocated the brutality of Man and the
need to give up some freedom for the protection and survival of the humanity