Topic will they support and implement lawsTopic will they support and implement laws

Topic area
A: Strengthening the right of female citizens

rights are the entitlements claimed for women and girls
worldwide, and formed the basis for the women’s rights movement in the
nineteenth century and feminist movement during the 20th century. In some
countries, these rights are institutionalized or supported by law, local
custom, and behavior, whereas in others they are ignored and suppressed. They
differ from broader notions of human rights through claims of an inherent
historical and traditional bias against the exercise of rights by women and
girls, in favor of men and boys. Now a days female citizen rights are being abandoned
by their rights including right to free speech ,right to own property, right to
education, right to shelter, right to do job etc. Lots of organizations and
NGOs have been made to give female citizens there basic human rights but the
problem lies in the Government that will they support and implement laws
securing the female citizen rights as in the middle east (War stricken area)the
governments are fully focused on the war happening and is least interested in
implementing laws or revisiting there constitution. Promoting equal opportunities for women and men and
ensuring full enjoyment of all human rights is a priority in Romania. The Romanian
Constitution (Article 16) stipulates
that all citizens are equal before the law and public authorities, without any
privileges or discrimination. The principle of equality between the sexes is
explicitly regulated under Article 4 of the Romanian Constitution and in a
number of other national regulations. Women’s rights is Romania are subject to constitutional
provisions and internal laws. Romania is also bound by directives of the
European Union, and international conventions it has ratified. The Constitution
of Romania protects women’s rights. Article 4 (2) enshrines the principle of
non-discrimination, stating that:
“Romania is the common and indivisible homeland of all its citizens,
without any discrimination on account of race, nationality, ethnic origin,
language, religion, sex, opinion, political adherence, property or social
origin”. Article 48 (1) ensures equal rights in family law: “The family is founded on the freely
consented marriage of the spouses, their full equality.” The rights of
women in the workforce are also protected: Article 47 (2) reads: “Citizens
have the right to pensions, paid maternity leave and Article 41 states: (2) “All employees
have the right to measures of social protection. These concern employees’
safety and health, working conditions for women and young people and (4)
“On equal work with men, women shall get equal wages.” With
regard to the new civil code, relevant provisions include Article . 30 Equality
in front of the civil law and Article . 258 The Family (freely given
consent for marriage; equality of the spouses).In 2016, Romania ratified the Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combating violence against
women and domestic violence (Istanbul Convention).

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Topic area B:
Legislation of abortion

 Abortion law permits, prohibits,
restricts, or otherwise regulates the availability of abortion. Abortion has been a controversial subject in many societies through history on
religious, moral, ethical, practical, and political grounds. It has been banned
frequently and otherwise limited by law. However, abortions continue to be
common in many areas, even where they are illegal. According to the World Health Organization
(WHO), abortion rates are similar in countries where the procedure is legal and
in countries where it is not, due to unavailability of modern contraceptives in areas where abortion is illegal. Abortion
was also legal on-demand from 1957 to 1966. From 1967 to 1990 abortion was
severely restricted, in an effort of the Communist leadership to increase the fertility rate of the country. Abortion in Romania is currently legal as an
elective procedure during the first 14 weeks of pregnancy, and for medical
reasons at later stages of pregnancy.