Torture large scale. A persons’ entire lifeTorture large scale. A persons’ entire life

Torture is a critical technique that can both prevent and
dish out a bunch of damage. It becomes a serious problem when it is performed
out of proportion or on a large scale. A persons’ entire life can be altered
permanently after they get tortured. It can break apart its victims both
mentally and physically. However, torture is being used without authorization and
regulation with the people who are committing it having very small goals in
mind; some even do it for fun. Torture began to be looked at as an inhuman act
which lead to the establishment of the UN Convention Against Torture. According
to a GlobalPost article written by Sara Yasin and Simran Khosla, in 1984, 155
nations adopted this convention. 79 of those countries are still practicing
torture behind walls. 40 members of the UN have yet to even sign the
convention. The article also stated that Amnesty International have reported
141 countries using torture in the last five years. The reason for the practice
of torture varies from nation to nation. The U.S. began to use “enhanced
interrogations”, which proved to be torture, on captured suspects that could’ve
been connected to the 9/11 attacks to help them located Osama bin Laden. The
GlobalPost article also explained that the report released from the CIA’s “enhanced
interrogation” included 119 detainees, where 26 of them were held wrongfully.
An article from the Preda Foundation said the practice of torture continues in
the Philippines but its purpose is to assert authority, instill fear, inflict
immediate punishment, disorient and coerce. Amnesty International says that in
Nigeria, police and military personnel use torture as a matter of routine. It is
used out of regulation, but the punishing of torture is inefficient since they are
usually done by law enforcement or government officials. Torture should only be
used after a warrant is passed through a more effective system. It should only
be practiced in extreme cases where another person’s life is in danger. Care for
the victim should immediately be taken afterwards and the unauthorized use of
torture should receive a more severe punishment. Torture is misused all around
the world and leaves many victims’ lives destroyed. Many survivors of torture
return with evidence of permanent damage. According to a World Without Torture
blog, torture can occur to anyone. Any person simply in the wrong place at the
wrong time can become a victim of torture. For it to be considered as torture,
the crime must be committed by a public official or a person acting in an
official capacity, such as a state authority like police officers, soldiers,
armed militia, among others. This also may include teachers, healthcare
workers, paramilitary groups or prison guards. The article also revealed that
torture takes place in 90% of countries around the world.

The World Without Torture blog focuses on the status of
torture and how to help the people who have or will experience it. The blog was
written by the IRCT or the International Rehabilitation Council for Torture
Victims. The organization is fighting for the preservation of human rights and
the safety of victims of torture. The possible victims of torture can include everyone
but certain factors can play in and affect the how probable it is to occur. Poverty
is one of those major factors. Manfred Nowak, in a 2011 Global Reading, said “Most
of the victims and survivors of torture belong to the poorest and most disadvantaged
sectors of society.” This helps show that poorer people are weaker and more vulnerable.
When stricken with poverty, these people will prove to be less able to defend
their rights and protect themselves. Other factors can contribute as well such
as women, children, the elderly, religious, ethnic or sexual minorities and
political opposition groups, among others. These factors can also affect the
type of torture a person is subjected to. The consequences of torture can
include both physical and physiological stepbacks. The effects on the body
depends on the type of torture the person has endured. Phycological consequences
can include anxiety, depression, irritability, emotional instability, cognitive
memory and attention problems, personality changes, behavioral disturbances, neurogenerative
symptoms such as lack of energy, insomnia, nightmares, sexual dysfunction, and
“survivor’s guilt”. A person who survives torture is more prone to social
problems and mental conditions either right away or later. In the article
called “Ten Facts of Torture”, the author explains that the effects might not
reach every survivor but multiple factors can affect how deep the wounds of a
victim can go. The article’s format where it asks a clear question and answers
it with a detailed description help the topic and motive be known. It helps it
be more understandable as to why torture is the problem it is. The weakness of
the argument is that it doesn’t focus on taking away torture but instead,
helping the victims getting restored afterwards. This makes the problem of
torture seem less serious. The author comes from a global organization that has
working towards their objective for a couple decades. This strengthens the
credibility of the article. The people that were out of reach before they could’ve
been taken into torture can at least be able to find help so they can regain
their lives afterwards.

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Although the misfortune that a victim must endure during and
after he/she gets tortured, there are governments such as the United States
government who believe that these extreme methods can be necessary in certain
situations. There is an article titled “Torture” from the Opposing Viewpoints in
Context. Inside the article, the author goes into depths about how America
enabled “enhanced interrogation” which was essentially torture, to help receive
information. Before 9/11, it was implanted into the army manual that it was prohibited
to perform acts of violence or intimidation, including physical or mental
torture, threats, or insults as a means of interrogation. After the historical
9/11 terrorist attack, the United States was more anxious than ever. That wasn’t
the only feeling that hung in the air. Lots of people were grieving and a lot more
were looking for the one responsible. President George W. Bush was among the
group of people who wanted the leader of this operation taken down and he was
committed to doing it by any means. Regulations were adjusted to help accommodate
for the “enhanced interrogation” the government was no utilizing. In 2002, for
example, the Justice Department’s Office of Legal Counsel issued a memo that
asserted that coercive interrogations constitute torture only if they
intentionally caused suffering “equivalent in intensity to the pain
accompanying serious physical injury, such as organ failure, impairment of
bodily function, or even death.” The policy would be lifted but the intentions
of the government would only sink deeper. The article explains how the Justice
Department released a secret set of conditions in 2005 that granted
authorization for government interrogators to use a variety of painful physical
and psychological tactics against terrorist suspects. The article’s strengths
would be how they explain the boundaries that are set to help prove that they
won’t go too far. Another strength was how policies were set back into place at
the end to show control over what the country was doing. This shows sanity in
their actions and helps reserve torture as an extreme method. A weakness would
be the slight disregard for how the victims ended up. The credibility of the
article is weak because there is no known author or central organization to go back
to. It is difficult to figure out where the information came from. This hurts
the argument because it doesn’t prove that the facts that were stated are true.

The purpose of torture changes with the location. Other countries
performed torture on citizens for purpose that ranges from instilling fear to
just doing it for pleasure. These situations usually occurred without proper authorization
and included acts that exceeded what was necessary. An article from Amnesty
International is titled “Global crisis on torture exposed by new worldwide
campaign”. The article provides examples of torture cases that occurred in
various countries. It states that countries claim to be rid of torture but
still practice these methods in secret. “Governments around the world are
two-faced on torture – prohibiting it in law, but facilitating it in practice”
said Sail Shetty, Amnesty International’s Secretary General, as he launched
Stop Torture, Amnesty International’s latest global campaign to combat
widespread torture and other ill-treatment in the modern world. The argument is
to grow disapproval for torture and gain support for more serious action to be
taken against it. The article’s examples include one from Mexico where Miriam
López Vargas, a 31-year-old mother of four, was abducted from her hometown of
Ensenada by two soldiers in plainclothes, and taken to a military barracks. She
was held there for a week, raped three times, asphyxiated and electrocuted to
force her to confess that she was involved in drug-related offences. The article
also states that some countries use extremely cruel methods so they can get a
confession from someone but it is debatable whether the confession was forced
out. The article includes multiple real-life accounts and a good amount of
statistics to help explain how under looked and misused torture is. It puts the
countless hidden victims of torture into perspective. This helps the argument
appear more serious and real. The article was written only a couple years ago so
the article seems more credible. The article is also written by the Amnesty
International organization who are very open about themselves and the research
they are committed to finding.

I believe that torture is a cruel and inhumane practice that
can only be found necessary when the lives of many at stake. The guidelines and
punishments that surround the practice should be tighter and considered
further. The argument concerning the U.S. and their use of it helped move my
decision. If the lives of many are going to or have been lost, then the torture
of people who could help regain control of the situation should be allowed. Regulations
should be put into place and there should be help that should be available to
the victims once they are released. A thorough investigation is needed so more
of the countries who are still conducting this in secret can be revealed. The issue
needs to be taken more seriously. The impact could prove to be very effective
in the criminal system and in reducing the number of innocent victims who have
to experience this type of treatment. I am a supporter of utilitarianism.