When But every revolt has a startWhen But every revolt has a start

When the English first came over to the
New World they were under British rule at that time and were subjects to the
laws that parliament imposed in England. But over time they decided that enough
was enough and that they were tired of being under their rule and decided to
fight for their independence. But every revolt has a start and the colonist
decided that after Britain decided to turn back on them after the Seven Years’
War and saw them as once again, being subjects whose main purpose was to make
money for Britain. To add to the revolt against Britain, the lawmakers in
England wanted to impose more laws on the colonies, and wanted them to help
fund the war, when enraged the colonist as the colonist had no troops or had
any say in the war, but were being forced to give money the government. The
people had no say what was happening in their country as they had no
representation in parliament but the British government, stated that parliament
represented everyone and not one specific part but the colonies weren’t buying
it and tried to keep telling the government that they could not tax the people
since they were under British rule and it was only fair to treat as such citizens
of the empire.

At this point it just seemed as if the
government was trying to find ways around helping the colonies and were wanting
to treat them as if they weren’t under British rule but wanted to still get the
benefits of having them adhere to the crown. They began implementing more laws
such as the writs of assistance, which allowed for customs officials to search
for smuggled good. Our book tells us that, “a lawyer named, James Otis, said
the writs were “an instrument of arbitrary power, destructive to English
liberty, and the fundamental principles of the British Constitution” he felt
that it was not right for parliament to be able to use them. Parliament also
implemented the Townshend Acts, which were a new set of taxes to be imposed on
the Americans.”

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In 1768 the colonist began to resist the
British government when they began to boycott British goods due to the new
taxation on imported good. The boycott began in Boston and soon spread like
wildfire in the Southern colonies. One way Americans shoed they were resisting
the government was by relying on their clothes being handspun rather than
imported. From there things only got worse, the Boston Massacre had taken place
which was a fight between some Bostonians and British officials. While these
are all prime example of how Americans resisted Britain, it wasn’t until the
Boston Tea Party, when rebellion took place in America’s fight towards
independence. The Boston Tea Party happened because the government was imposing
a new taxation on tea and citizens were resisting it so they dressed up as
Indians, snuck onto boats, and threw over 300 chest of it into the ocean so
show that they were finally fed up with the taxations and law’s that the
government had been pushing on them. After that parliament passed the
Intolerable Act, which stated people would have to station solders in their
homes with no consent needed, and Americas felt that was a direct threat to
their freedoms.

The colonies met and talked about what
should happen and where they should go from there, and decided to break the
ties stop trading with England, due to the adoption of the Continental
Association. Throughout 1775 people were discussing political powers and if
they were to become independent what they wanted freedom to look like. Talks of
liberty inspired the colonies, and many wanted to see it happen while many were
still loyal to the throne. The Frist Continental Congress met and discussed the
natural rights people deserved. In May 1775, a revolution was about to begin as
war was breaking out between Britain and the colonies. The Battles of Lexington
and Concord, started the American Revolution for Freedom, and they were known
as the shot here around the world, as this was Americas beginning, they were
now fighting for their freedom and independence.

 

 

Before the war of 1812, it seemed the
ongoing crisis between Great Britain and the United States was happening at the
same time Indian territories were starting to deteriorate. For the United
States this was a good thing as they could start to head towards war.  Americans were fed up with British laws
telling them what to do and they were ready to fight for their independence,
while there were still some who liked the security of having a nation. One
thing everyone could agree on was that they were ready for changes to be made
in some form. The period between 1800 and 1812 was known as the “age of
prophecy”. A militant message was written by two Shawnee brothers, Tecumseh and
Tenskwatawa. Tecumseh w refused to sign the Treaty of Greenville. Tenskwatawa
called for complete separation from white people and in 1810, Tecumseh called
for an attack on American frontier settlements. It was said that, the British
had some influence over Tecumseh, and that added to the efforts that would lead
to the war of 1812. In June of 1812, Madison asked for congress to declare war
because he felt that America’s nationality was at stake and this was the only
was to really make their claim and secure America as a country. The people of
America were unsure if they felt the same way and that showed in the vote how
truly dived the people were when it came to the war. Both the federalist and
the republican parties in the North all voted against the war. Unlike them,
everyone else voted for it, this was big as this was the first time America had
ever declared war. Since America was still so new they really didn’t have a
military at the time so they were waltzing into a war blindly, not really sure
of what was to come. 

In our book, it states that, “America had
had few successes with its military, in 1812 frigate Constitution defeated a
British warship, Gueriere. In 1814 British troops unsuccessfully tried to
bombard a harbor port in Baltimore.” America was seeing that their forces were
working and that the British would fail, that was until Britain invaded
Washington D.C. in 1814 and burned down the capital buildings. Much like the
First War for Independence, the Americans were fighting both Great Britain and
the Indians. But they Americans saw victories over the British troops, and
Tecumseh, who joined the British army was killed.

The war went on, and both sides felt they
would never see an end at sight when at last both sides wanted to end the war.
They signed the Treaty of Ghent. The war of 1812, much like the first war,
showed that America was willing to fight for it’s independence but unlike the
first war, this was a war that was fought on the basis of America once again
fighting for land. Which while the war accomplished nothing else, America did
acquire more land as a result of the war. 

 

 

The
North and the South were always split on the ideas about slavery and how they
should be handled and if it should be abolished or of it should be recognized
everywhere. But there was never a before the Antebellum period where the north
and south were more divided on the issue. But slavery wasn’t the only issue
that divided the North and the South from seeing eye to eye on issues. There
were many issues that they had and as time drew closer to a war these issues
became more and more noticeable and affected the country more than they knew it
was. As the North relied more on the industrialization, the South relied on
agriculture more than ever.

When the abolition movement began to take
off, the North was intrigued and as they learned more, they too felt the same
as the activist who started the movement in saying that they felt slavery
should finally be over. Our book tells us that, “By the end of the 1830’s some
100,000 northerners joined local groups devoted to abolition.” The north was
calling for the emancipation of the slaves, to be freed but not to have rights.
“Many northerners viewed slavery as an obstacle to American economic progress”
(316).   The south however, was relying on slaves more
than ever as many of them were cotton farmers and needed someone who could tend
to their crops. The south argued that without the slaves they would hurt
economically, and that the north wanted they would benefit economically.

Another pressing issue that increased the
sectional divide was how the north and south viewed politics. The South
believed that the states should be able to rule over themselves like
independent governments. They believed that the states should have the last
call on different issues and should be the ones who interpret what exactly the
constitution outlines. While the north felt that the government had control
over the states. When the United States was formed it was to be formed as one
single country, not a nation with smaller countries who were self sovereign  

The sectional divided between the two
sections had many other factors that came into play that helped lead them to
the Civil War but the most pressing issue many felt divided the country so much
was the discussion of slavery and how it should be handled because as America
kept expanding and became a bigger nation, they would need to decide how
important slavery was and if they wanted people to view America as a land of
new opportunity, unless your black than you’re a slave. While these issues did
divide the country, it also allowed them to look at what kind of a country they
wanted to be.

 

The
American Civil war a very unique war as it was not fought against another
country but instead it was the North and the South fighting against each other.
The Civil War was one that would ultimately shape America, and would help
answer the question about what kind of country it would be? Would it be one
that would work together as a whole nation or would it be composed up of
smaller nations with their own governments? While these were all answers the
Civil War would answer, everyone wondered, would America become a fully
engulfed slave owning country or, would it be abolished and black people have
freedoms as well?

The time period before the civil war was
the point where the hint of a war truly began because much like the founders
when they were drawing up the constitution, they could not come up with a
compromise to please both sides about slavery. Some of the long term cause of
the Civil War, were exactly this, the states not being able to com to a
conclusion.  On one had, the south felt
that slavery was completely fine and they wanted to keep it around as it was
major benefit for them and their production of cotton. The south still saw
slaves as property and even tried to get the northerners to see like them and
tried to mandate the Fugitive Slave Act, which stated that if a slave was
caught they would return them to their owner. The North however, was made up of
a good percentage of abolitionist and wanted to get rid of slavery in all of
the States.

 With the election of election Abraham Lincoln
as president, followed a long line of events that would eventually lead to the
beginning of the Civil War. Lincoln was the first republican president to have
a platform on slavery and promise to abolish slavery in all of America. The
south felt as of they were being ignored and that no one understood why they
felt slaves were beneficial and that it would hurt section of country more so
than the north, as they did not rely on slaves to tend their crops. Because of
that, one of the short term causes of the civil was the secession of 7 of the
southern states to form their own independent nation. The war became an
irrepressible conflict because in “1856 the republican platform condemned
slavery” (386). While they were not abolitionist they want to stop the spread
of slavery.

These long term and short term cause led
to the beginning of the civil war, which was a war that led to answering many
questions that loomed about what would be next for America. This could either
be a turning point for the new nation to grow and to put these issues behind
them, or they would retreat and turn back the clock to the days where slavery
was accepted everywhere. They had to make tough choices and by Lincoln taking a
stand on the issue, it divided the nation more as he was the first republican
president with the abolition of slavery on his agenda. The causes of the Civil
War helped shape America to be the land it is today, whether they agreed with
the outcome or not, it was for the betterment of America that these issues be
dealt with so they could move on to more pressing issues.