William Golding addresses the conflict between the forces of light and
dark in all of his works, which are in each individual. Before and after World
War II, Golding taught English and philosophy at Bishop Wordsworth’s School in
Salisbury. In his first and best known novel, Lord of the Flies, Golding
uses a group of kids as his main characters and abandons them on a desert
island during a nuclear war with no adults. The kids attempt to make a
government among each other, but without civilization they turned into savages
fast. Golding said himself the purpose of the novel is to trace the defects of
society back “to the defects of human nature”.
At the time
that this book was wrote communism was in full effect, blocking the good of the
world, creating the illusion that this Earth is full of evil. Golding created
the novel Lord of the Flies to show that humans will do whatever it takes to
persevere through any situation and to send a message of hope to the people of
the world. The entire novel is
showed as symbolic in nature excluding the save in the last part where adult
life becomes easier to see, however in actuality ensnared in the similar evil
as the symbolic life of the boys on the unknown island. Through the use of
different symbols like, the image of pig’s head, fire, Piggy’s spectacle, and
pig hunting shows features that are allegoric.
use of different symbols shows that how inner evil of the human being is
revealed. Many authors use ordinary, objects
in addition to unique elements to symbolize ideas or concepts that help to show
the theme of their works. The symbolic
nature of William Golding’s novel Lord of the Flies surround many symbols used
by the author to develop and support the main theme. “Its imaginative and brutal depiction of the
rapid and inevitable dissolution of social mores aroused widespread interest.”(Britannica).
Using symbols such as the beast, the pig’s head, and even
Piggy’s specs, Golding demonstrates that humans, when liberated from society’s
rules, allow their space for evil to dominate their existence.
does not justify this evil by the structure of the society, but he explains the
problems of the society by the traits of the humanity. As the result of his
views, Golding builds his novel around the central conflict between two
opposite impulses existing within human beings.