World that looks at mental illness that

World Health Organisation (WHO) (2017) defines mental health
as stage of well-being, where everyone can choose and decide different views in
live. According to Pilgrim (2014) mental health can be defined in different ways, such as
some will have interpreted it in a positive way which shows the mental and emotional
welfare of an individual and others in a negative way that looks at mental
illness that are involved. Mental illnesses are conditions that have an impact
on someone’s thoughts, attitudes and daily activities (WHO, 2005). Mental
health is how individual feel and think about themselves and their life, which
is affects by how individual copes and managers in times of difficulties (The
Mental Health Foundation, 2008 in Bhugra, 2013). WHO (2003) stated that mental health concepts include subjective well-being,
perceive self-efficacy, autonomy, competence, intergenerational dependence and
recognition of the ability to realise one’s intellectual and emotional
potential; and according to WHO (2003) mental health can also be define as a
state of well-being whereby individual recognise his/her abilities, is able to
cope with the normal stresses of life, work productively and fruitfully, and
make a contribution to their communities. Mental Health should be a concern for
all of us, rather than for those who suffer from a mental disorder (WHO, 2003).Mental health problems are widespread, at time disabling, yet often
hidden. People who would go to the GP with normal pain might be suffering from
depression or anxiety in silence (Mental Health Taskforce Strategy (MHTS), 2016).
According to WHO (2003)
mental health problems not only affects a small isolated sector but it affects society,
which it is a major global development challenge. Mental illness is one of the
main causes of disability worldwide (WHO, 2017). In the UK, mental ill health
represents around 23% of the total burden of ill health (Department of Health,
2011).One in four people will experience a mental health problem at
some point in their life, in which one in six adults and one in ten children
aged between 5 to 16 years (Department of Health, 2011). According to the Department
of Health (2011) adults will experience at least one episode of depression
during their life time and about one in 100 has severe mental health problems;
it also stated that around 90% of prisoners are estimating to have mental
health problems, and that one in ten new mothers experience postnatal
depression (Department of Health, 2011). MHTS (2016) stated that one in five
mothers will suffer from depression, anxiety or in some cases psychosis during
pregnancy or in first year after childbirth, and according to the MHTS (2016) suicide
is the second leading causes of maternal death, after cardiovascular disease.
In 2014, suicide rates in England increased by around 4,882 deaths, which is
leading cause of death for men aged 15-49(MHTS, 2016). About 11% of England’s
annual secondary care health budget is spent on mental health; some researches
have suggested that the cost of treating mental health problems could double
over the next 20 years (Department of Health, 2011).

WHO (2003) argues that mental health has been unseen due to
stigma and discrimination for too long, and it is time to bring it out; the scale,
misery and problem in term of disability and costs for individuals, families and
societies are staggering. According to WHO (2003) the world has become more
aware of the problem and potential for mental health gains, over the last few
years. The previous government had expressed the intention to improve the
services for people with mental health problems and tackle the wider underlying
causes of mental ill health, but it did not (Department of Health, 2011).  Poor mental health continues to have significant
economic and personal impact in the UK; as poor mental health continues to have
impact on people life, stigma and discrimination will also increase such impact
(Department of health, 2011., Mental Health Policy Group, 2015). According to
Mind (2010) people with mental illnesses have usually been seeming negatively
by society, with attitudes towards them changing from being innocent pains to
violence prone and dangerous individuals. It recognises that effective action
is needed to eliminate the stigma, which contributes to poor mental health.
Stigma can lead to people suffering in silence, and can affect their ability to
recover (Mental Health Policy Group, 2015)

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